Afghanistan Afghanistan

EITI Status

EITI Status: 
Candidate country

Candidate since

Candidate since: 
10 February 2010

Extractive Industries

Afghanistan has extensive mineral deposits and potential for oil and gas production. Due to conflict, political instability and inadequate infrastructure, the extractive industries are relatively under-developed. In recent years, the country has seen increasing investor interest in exploration and development. 

The Afghanistan Geological Survey identified six major metals and minerals opportunities in the country – copper, iron-ore, rare-earth metals, gold, gemstones and marble. Deposits have been estimated to be worth over USD 1 trillion.

Most gemstone mining is artisanal. Operations are small-scale and output is supplied mainly to local and regional markets. 

Globally significant deposits include the copper deposit in Aynak, Logar province and iron-ore in Hajigak, Bamyam province. Consortiums of Chinese and Indian companies have signed contracts to develop these mines.

Developing transport infrastructure that would link deposits to global markets remains a challenge. Governance challenges, as well as the security situation, pose additional hindrance to the development of the sector. 

EITI Reporting

The country produces EITI Reports that disclose revenues from the extraction of its natural resources. Companies disclose what they have paid in taxes and other payments and the government discloses what it has received. These two sets of figures are compared and reconciled.
The second EITI Report covering the Solar Hejri calendar year 1389 (21 March 2010 – 20 March 2011) was published in October 2012. Scoping for the 1390 report has not yet commenced.

EITI Implementation

The key focus of AEITI's implementation efforts is the preparations for the EITI Report covering Solar Hejri year 1390, i.e. 20 March 2011-21 March 2012. Work on the report has begun but is experiencing some delays and the MSG has requested an extension of the reporting deadline. Other work streams for 2014 include refreshing the MSG composition and membership, as well as planning for the transitions to the EITI Standard. A workplan for 2014 has been discussed by the MSG, but is undergoing some further revisions.

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Innovations

With the expected increase of revenues, it is significant that the government has committed to publish all mining, oil and gas contracts. Over 200 contracts have been published, including the Amu Darya oil, the Qara Zaghan gold and the West Garmak coal contracts.

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National Coordinator

Afghanistan
National Coordinator AEITI
Ministry of Finance
+93 700 201 191

International Secretariat

Afghanistan
Regional Director
+47 979 96 706 / + 47 907 97 937

Facts & Figures

Latest Eiti Report: 2010 Report
Deadline for next Eiti report: Friday, 21 March 2014
Number of fiscal years published: 3