Central African Republic
Sectarian violence has dominated the Central African Republic since 2013, when a coup d’état ousted then President François Bozize. While an interim President was appointed in early 2014, the country remains in chaos. Prior to the 2013 coup d’état, the Central African Republic was ranked 14th among the world’s leading producers of rough diamond by volume, and 12th among the world’s leading producers of rough diamond by value. The country also produces gold. Subsistence farming was the mainstay of the economy yielding 70% of GDP. The World Trade Organization estimated that the mining sector accounted for about 7% of the gross domestic product; rough diamond and timber were the country's leading export products. Exploitation of gold and diamonds has so far been exclusively done through artisanal mining. Industrial extraction is only expected to start production from 2013.
The EITI Board has decided to temporarily suspend Central African Republic’s status as EITI Compliant, effective 10 April 2013, due to political instability. The Board determined that EITI CAR does not currently have a recognised government necessary for effective EITI implementation. In accordance with the EITI Rules, Central African Republic may apply to lift the suspension at any time.
The Central African Republic was admitted as an EITI Candidate country in 2008. The country has published three EITI Reports disclosing government revenues from artisanal production of diamonds for fiscal periods 2006 to 2010. Central African Republic was declared EITI Compliant on 1 March 2011.
EITI CAR published its first report (for the year 2006) in March 2009. A second report covering 2007-2009 was published in December 2010. EITI CAR adopted its 2010 report in November 2012. Country-wide dissemination of the results of this report continued through 16 EITI committees at prefecture level in 2011 and 2012.
- Establishment of 16 regional EITI sub-committees.
- Development of methodology for reporting in an entirely informal sector.
- Formal announcement of integration of forestry in the 2011 report.
- Nationwide grassroots outreach and media campaign in local languages.
- Institutional cooperation with the National Assembly (including declaration of support by Parliamentarians).
- Independent annual budget for EITI CAR as integral and recurring part of state budget.
- Films on the EITI (targeted to e.g. Parliamentarians).
- Co-hosting of regional EITI conference in March 2012 in Bangui for peer exchange.