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Bamako, Mali

Mali

Status
Meaningful progress
Joined
27 September 2007
Latest validation
2019
Latest data from
2018
Visit the country website

Overview and role of the EITI

Mali is Africa’s third largest gold producer. Following new discoveries, industrial gold production rose by 23% in 2018, according to the Ministry of Mines. Discoveries of other minerals such as bauxite and silver have boosted revenues from the extractive sector, which accounts for 21% of government revenues and nearly 8% of the country’s GDP.

A three-month suspension of artisanal and small-scale mining activities was imposed in 2017, in order to restructure the sector and improve the capture of revenues. Since then, the subsector has grown. While the government is also committed to developing the country’s nascent hydrocarbon sector, activities have been stalled since 2012 due to the conflict in northern Mali.

The country’s rising gold production is in stark contrast with the dire socio-economic environment. Social conflicts have centred on environmental impacts of mining, distribution of revenues and informal mining. Recent EITI Reports have provided more information of relevance to local communities, such as artisanal and small-scale mining and payments by mining contractors.

In June 2021, EITI Chair Helen Clark issued a statement on the situation in Mali following the coup d’état. 

Economic contribution of the extractive industries

20.9%
to government revenues
65.5%
to exports
7.6%
to GDP
1.5%
to employment
  • Step 1
  • Step 2
  • Step 3

Download country data

Download open data on government and company revenues, revenues by revenue stream and indicator, summary data and more.


Innovations and policy reforms

When Mali began production of mineral resources, some countries producing the same resources suffered severe crises due to poor management of such resources. Mali quickly took account of these experiences and has sought to avoid falling in this trap. To achieve this, we need transparency in our management of the sector.

HE Boubou Cissé Former Prime Minister of Mali

Extractive sector data

Production and exports

Gold

Revenue collection

Level of detail 2

Revenue distribution

2018
Standardised revenue types

Top paying companies

2018

Extractive sector management

Licenses and contracts

Mining licenses are awarded on a first come first served basis and are published via an online repository hosted by the Ministry of Mines.

Oil and gas exploration and production rights are awarded through production sharing agreements, although only exploration licenses have been awarded to date. There is no formal policy on the award of oil licenses, which are not subject to the regulation of public contracts. The Oil and Gas Administration System (OGAS) has been put in place to monitor petroleum license awards.

Mali does not have a formal policy for the disclosure of mining and oil contracts. However, the Ministry of Mines publishes some mining agreements on its website.

Beneficial ownership

Mali does not have a legal framework mandating the disclosure of beneficial ownership. Mali’s 2018 EITI Report bases its definition of a beneficial owner on the UEMOA Directive, i.e. an individual owning or controlling at least 25% of a company. This is included in the country’s law against money laundering and terrorism financing. Referring to the above definition, Mali’s EITI multi-stakeholder group developed a declaration form to collect beneficial ownership information from extractive companies. In 2019, 25 companies submitted their reporting forms, but the information provided is not comprehensive.

Revenue distribution

Regional tax offices levy the patente fee – which accounts for 1.1% of government revenue – directly from companies. All other revenues flow to the central government, with little fiscal devolution.

In 2020, ITIE Mali commissioned a study on the traceability of mining revenues in order to better understand the allocation and expenditure of subnational revenues. The study highlights discrepancies in revenue allocations and their impact on local development.


EITI implementation

Governance

ITIE Mali is administered by the Mali Multi-Stakeholder Group (MSG), also known as the Comité de pilotage. The MSG is chaired by the Minister of Mines, Lamine Seydou Traore. It is comprised of representatives from government, industry and civil society.

Validation

Mali was found to have made meaningful progress in implementing the 2019 EITI Standard in June 2019, following its second Validation. Mali has partly addressed the 10 corrective actions identified in its previous Validation. Its subsequent Validation commenced in April 2022.

Scorecard

Latest Validation: 17 June 2019
Year

Assessment of EITI requirements

  • Not met
  • Partly met
  • Mostly met
  • Fully met
  • Exceeded
Scorecard by requirement View more Assessment View more

Overall Progress

MSG oversight

1.1Government engagement

1.2Industry engagement

1.3Civil society engagement

1.4MSG governance

The MSG has clarified and updated MSG governance procedures, leading to a partial renewal of MSG membership, limited to government and industry. Industry has agreed on a clear selection procedure for its representatives on the MSG. Civil society has published a code of conduct to govern its participation on the MSG. There is no evidence however that these procedures have been implemented in practice.

1.5Work plan

In accordance with Requirement 1.5, Mali approved a triennial work plan (2017-2019) and a 2019 work plan with implementation objectives that reflect national priorities. The work plan includes a broad timeline for achieving the objectives, as well as costings and proposed funding sources. In practice, the work plan is well managed and followed by all stakeholders.

Licenses and contracts

2.1Legal framework

2.2License allocations

The 2016 EITI Report lists the licenses awarded and transferred and provides a general overview of the licence allocation and transfer procedures in Mali. However, it does not specifically describe the technical and financial criteria used in practice in licence allocations and transfers.

2.3License register

The 2016 EITI Report and Mali’s mining cadastre provide all of the information required under Requirement 2.3.b.

2.4Policy on contract disclosure

2.5Beneficial ownership

Not assessed

2.6State participation

Monitoring production

3.1Exploration data

3.2Production data

3.3Export data

Revenue collection

4.1Comprehensiveness

The 2016 EITI Report provides a comprehensive reconciliation of government revenues and company payments. A definition of the materiality thresholds for payments and companies were included in the scope of reconciliation, including a justification for why the thresholds were set at these levels. The materiality of omissions from non-reporting companies is assessed and considered not to affect the comprehensiveness of the reconciliation.

4.2In-kind revenues

Not applicable

4.3Barter agreements

Not applicable

4.4Transportation revenues

Not applicable

4.5SOE transactions

Not applicable

4.6Direct subnational payments

Not applicable

4.7Disaggregation

4.8Data timeliness

4.9Data quality

There is evidence that Mali EITI and the IA took steps to ensure that material payments and revenues were certified. In accordance with Requirement 4.9, the 2016 EITI Report includes an assessment of the materiality of payments from companies and government entities that did not comply with the agreed quality assurances. The 2016 Report provides a clear assessment that the reconciled financial data presented is reliable.

Revenue allocation

5.1Distribution of revenues

5.2Subnational transfers

The MSG disclosed and reconciled payments of the “patente” tax, a subnational transfer that was not linked exclusively to extractives companies, hence this requirement is not strictly applicable in Mali. The MSG’s efforts were in response to demands for information on the ‘patente’ for the development of local communities in mining regions.

5.3Revenue management and expenditures

Socio-economic contribution

6.1Mandatory social expenditures

6.2Quasi-fiscal expenditures

Not applicable

6.3Economic contribution

Outcomes and impact

7.1Public debate

Mali EITI Reports are published and actively promoted through various channels. The MSG adopted an Open Data Policy, which covers the terms of access, use and reuse of EITI data. The MSG disseminated a synthesis of the 2015 and 2016 EITI Reports in the three main mining regions of Mali. There is evidence that Civil society used EITI data in research on the economic impact of mining at the local level.

7.2Data accessibility

7.3Follow up on recommendations

There is evidence that the MSG has taken steps to act upon lessons learnt, to identify weaknesses of the EITI process and to consider the recommendations for improvements from the Independent Administrator by adoption a roadmap. There is no evidence however that the MSG has adopted a mechanism for consistent follow up to recommendations.

7.4Outcomes and impact of implementation

The Mali EITI APR focused on activities and outcomes, but not on results and impact. Although the MSG developed processes to measure impact, there is no evidence that consultations on assessing the impact of EITI implementation were conducted in practice and that a standalone impact assessment was undertaken.


Key documents


Contacts