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Mexico City, Mexico

Mexico

Status
Yet to be assessed
Joined
25 October 2017
Latest data from
2018
Visit the country website

Overview and role of the EITI

Mexico’s economy, the second largest in Latin America, has become increasingly oriented toward manufacturing. While the extractive sector still plays a central role, the oil and gas sector’s contribution to the national GDP has decreased over the past two decades to 3.5% in 2018, compared to 8% in 2000. Mexico is also a producer of gold, copper, silver and zinc, and the mining sector accounted for 2.4% of the GDP in 2018.

In 2013, Mexico passed a constitutional reform to allow private investment in its oil and gas sector for the first time in almost a century. One of the central aims of the reforms was to bring greater transparency to how the sector is managed, from awarding licenses and collecting revenues from companies to monitoring the use of those revenues. Since 2016, Mexico has conducted a series of bidding rounds to allocate oil and gas blocks.

Mexico is using the EITI platform to strengthen existing transparency mechanisms in the oil and gas sector, improve the accessibility of data for citizens, improve information on the socio-environmental impacts of extractive activities and analyse the role of extractive activities in the energy transition.

Economic contribution of the extractive industries

28.4
million USD to government revenues
9%
to exports
2.4%
to GDP
127,936
to employment
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Download country data

Download open data on government and company revenues, revenues by revenue stream and indicator, summary data and more.


Innovations and policy reforms

  • In July 2020, the government launched the Data México portal with information on the mining sector, such as economic contribution, exports and employment figures broken down by gender. The portal presents datasets and visualisations that are easy to use, customise and download. Mexico’s multi-stakeholder group is exploring the feasibility of linking information from various websites to EITI Mexico’s web portal.
  • In 2021, a group of civil society organisations produced a report with support from GIZ which analyses the challenges in accessing information on the environmental and social impacts of mining projects and hydrocarbon contracts of 30 companies reporting to EITI Mexico. It describes which environmental payments still need to be made transparent, the status of all projects and compliance with environmental legislation. The report can provide input and recommendations to help Mexico prepare its implementation of the Escazú Agreement.

Extractive sector data

Revenue collection

Level of detail 2

Revenue distribution

2018
Standardised revenue types

Top paying companies

2018

Extractive sector management

Licenses and contracts

The Executive branch of the Mexican government has the power to grant concessions for the exploitation of minerals, and contracts for the extraction of hydrocarbons. Hydrocarbon exploration and exploitation licenses are issued through an open tender process and are granted by the Energy Secretariat (SENER). Contracts are granted to private companies and to Mexico’s national oil company, PEMEX.

Mining licenses are issued first come first served basis and are granted by the Ministry of Economy. Since 2003, the Mexican government has operated GEOINFOMEX, a website with detailed information on mining concessions and licenses including the commodities, duration, geographical data and companies holding licenses.

Since 2013, the National Hydrocarbons Commission (CNH) has been hosting a portal on its website that discloses the full text of contracts and the procedures, practices and documentation of licensing and contract monitoring.

Beneficial ownership

Mexico does not have a legal framework mandating the disclosure of beneficial owners. However, in 2019 the government announced its adherence to the Principles of Transparency Disclosure of Beneficial Ownership, a project led by the United Kingdom with the Open Government Partnership.

In 2021, Mexico became the second country to confirm its participation in the Opening Extractives Programme, a global programme that aims to improve the quality, accessibility and use of beneficial ownership data. In September 2021, EITI Mexico published its definition of beneficial ownership which will underpin beneficial ownership disclosures in its forthcoming EITI Report.

Revenue distribution

Provinces receive about 2.3% of the oil income through direct transfers from specific funds. Mexico’s 2018 EITI Report describes the payments and obligations from all oil contracts and revenue allocations, as well as subnational transfers from the Hydrocarbon Extraction Fund (FEXHI) of USD 191 million. The report also describes the amounts collected by the Mining Fund (Fondo para el Desarrollo Regional Sustentable de Estados y Municipios Mineros), of more than USD 216 million.


EITI implementation

Governance

EITI Mexico is administered by the Multi-Stakeholder Group (MSG), which is hosted by the Ministry of Economy and chaired by José Jabalera, General Director of Mining Development.

Validation

Mexico’s Validation against the 2019 EITI Standard commenced in October 2021.

Timeline


Key documents


Contacts