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Niamey, Niger

Niger

Status
Yet to be assessed
Joined
13 February 2020
Latest validation
2019
Latest data from
2014
Visit the country website

Overview and role of the EITI

Niger was re-admitted as an EITI implementing country in February 2020.

Niger is the world’s fifth largest producer of uranium. It also has considerable reserves in gold, iron, coal and oil. Niger’s oil and gas sector is an important engine for economic development, and its development is underpinned by the country’s 2019 Petroleum Policy. Oil production began in 2011 and intensified following the expansion of the Agadem project by China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC), as well as several discoveries by Algerian state-owned enterprise SONATRACH and Savannah Petroleum. While oil production is projected to increase, the country does yet not export crude oil. In July 2020, Niger adopted a 15-year national mining policy which aims to diversify mining beyond uranium.

Niger plans to use the EITI to monitor production and revenues in the burgeoning hydrocarbon sector, which is expected to generate substantial government revenues to develop the national economy. ITIE-Niger also aims to use extractives data to inform public debate. Formalisation of artisanal mining, following the gold rush on the Aïr mountains, is also a key priority of the government.

Economic contribution of the extractive industries

7%
to government revenues
42%
to exports
8%
to GDP
4%
to employment
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Download country data

Download open data on government and company revenues, revenues by revenue stream and indicator, summary data and more.


Niger has always made the governance of extractive industries a priority of its economic and social development policy, and it is on the strength of this conviction that the Government has decided (...) to resume its place within the large EITI family.

Brigi Rafini Former Prime Minister of Niger

Extractives sector management

Licenses and contracts

Mining licenses are awarded by the Ministry of Mines and Industrial Development on a first come first served basis and are disclosed via the country’s mining cadastre. Oil and gas production sharing contracts are concluded in the same manner. Niger’s Constitution requires contract disclosure, and mining and petroleum contracts are disclosed on the ITIE Niger website.

Beneficial ownership

Niger does not have a specific legal framework mandating the public disclosure of beneficial ownership information. However, beneficial ownership data is required to be submitted upon the establishment of a company to the Niger Chamber of Commerce, Agriculture, Industry and Handicrafts of Niger (Centre de Formalités des Entreprises - CFE).

According to Law n°2017-63 of the Petroleum Code, applications for hydrocarbon exploration or exploitation permits must include a list of shareholders or associates who have control over the company. According to Decree No. 2006-265/PRN/MME of the Mining Law, applications for mining permits should indicate the names, capacity, nationality and domicile of all persons having responsibility for the management of the company.

Niger does not yet have a beneficial ownership registry, nor does it disclose beneficial ownership information in EITI Reports.

Revenue distribution

In accordance with the Petroleum Code (Article 146), 85% of oil and gas ad valorem royalties, fixed fees and surface royalties are allocated to the state budget, and 15% are allocated to regions and communes hosting extractive activities for the purpose of local development. Mining revenues are distributed in the same way and also include proceeds from artisanal mining.


EITI implementation

Governance

ITIE-Niger is administered by the Niger Multi-Stakeholder Group (MSG), also known as the Groupe multipartite de concertation. The MSG is chaired by the Director of the Prime Minister's Office.

Timeline

Validation 

Niger’s Validation is expected to commence in April 2023.


Key documents


Contacts