Rich in natural resources, Tajikistan’s extractive sector is relatively undeveloped with a need for technology, exposure to market-oriented management, increased human capacity, better transportation links and comprehensive geological surveys.
EITI reporting has identified more than 600 mineral deposits already explored with some positioned for industrial development. In addition to considerable reserves of coal and gold, Tajikistan hosts Bolshoi Konemansur, one of the largest silver deposits in the world.
Tajikistan uses the EITI to strengthen the investment climate, public knowledge and debate about the extractive sector. EITI reporting remains the sole source for information on the extractive industries in Tajikistan.
Tajikistan EITI has contributed to national public debate about proposed amendments to the subsoil law, in particular on mandatory reporting for all extractive companies, partial contact transparency and beneficial ownership disclosures. EITI implementation has also focused on development of a mining cadastre. Both of these reform processes are ongoing.
Extractive sector data
Production and exports
Top paying companies
Extractive sector management
Tax and legal framework
Tajikistan’s extractive sector is mainly governed by Law on Subsoil. Tajikistan has a general tax regime and preferential or special tax regime. The general tax regime uses the procedure of calculating and payment to the state in accordance with the Tax Code, while the preferential or special tax regime defines different procedures for the calculation and payment of taxes.
All subsoil users are required to pay subscription and commercial discovery bonuses as well as royalties for extraction. Taxes on natural resources related to common mineral resources and their distribution between municipal and regional budgets is carried out annually on the basis of the Law on State Budget for the relevant year.
License and contracts
Licenses in Tajikistan are awarded through bidding or by direct negotiations. The process is regulated by the “Procedure for carrying out a tender for subsoil use”, which is carried out by the State Commission. Tajikistan maintains a public license register that can be accessed with a limited fee. The current registry does not have license coordinates and dates of application of license.
In 2015, Tajikistan EITI published a report on the country’s legal framework for beneficial ownership disclosure and with ownership data for some companies. Since then, Tajikistan EITI has included some beneficial ownership information in EITI Reports, although not comprehensively.
All payments from extractive industries are collected by the central government. Revenue distributions to local government budgets are carried out annually on the basis of the Law on State Budget for the relevant year.
Temporarily suspended for missing reporting deadline
Suspended for missing deadline
Tajikistan was found to have made meaningful progress in implementing the 2016 EITI Standard in January 2020, following its second Validation. Tajikistan fully addressed six of the 17 corrective actions identified in its previous Validation. The next Validation is expected to commence in July 2022.