Has the EITI been successful? Reviewing evaluations of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative
Has the EITI been successful? Many efforts have been devoted to improving
resource governance through the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative.
A review of 50 evaluations concludes that the EITI has succeeded in diffusing
the norm of transparency, establishing the EITI standard, and institutionalizing
transparency practices. Yet, there remains an evidence gap with regard to the
mechanisms linking EITI adoption and development outcomes. Addressing this
gap will require developing a theory of change for the EITI and demonstrating
causality through more sophisticated methods. The cost-effectiveness of the
EITI will also need to be compared to other policy options.