Publication Type: 
Research on the EITI
Published Date: 
September, 2008

Oil, Sovereignty & Self-Determination: Equatorial Guinea & Western Sahara

Alicia Campos, Review of African Political Economy, Volume 35, Issue 117 September 2008 , pages 435 - 447.

This article analyses the role of the sovereignty principle for the oil industry and the implication this relationship has for development in Africa. It also looks at the transnational social movements around the exploitation of natural resources, comparing Equatorial Guinea and Western Sahara. The main hypothesis is that international norms of self-determination and those developed for non-autonomous people in Western Sahara, allow us to raise questions and to make demands over mineral resources in a very different way than where sovereignty is not in question, as in Equatorial Guinea.