United Kingdom

Statut ITIE Progrès significatifs
Joined EITI in 2014
Dernières données de 2017
Latest Validation 2018
Site Internet EITI United Kingdom
Last updated 19 November 2019


The country is a major oil and gas producer.  In addition, it produces small amounts of coal, industrial materials such as kaolin and potash, construction materials. There has been some debate about extractive industry taxation and environmental impacts.

Beneficial ownership disclosure

The UK public registry of ultimate beneficial owners of UK companies is called the People with Significant Control register. It was established in June 2016 under the UK Small Business, Enterprise and Employment Act 2015 and is part of the Companies House Register.  Further information about the UK's beneficial ownership work is available here and here.

The UK signed up to the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative, so that we too play our part in ensuring that people around the world benefit fairly from the natural resources of the countries in which they live. Mineral wealth for developing countries should be a blessing, not a curse.
HE David Cameron, former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.


The United Kingdom is a leading producer of oil (the world’s 23rd largest, the EU’s largest), gas (20th, the EU’s second-largest) and coal (25th), but also produces a range of industrial and construction materials. The country is also an emerging producer of tungsten and tin. Ongoing development of oil and gas is taking place in the North Sea, not only offshore Scotland but also England and Wales.  

Natural resources 

The United Kingdom has rich deposits of crude oil, natural gas, coal, tungsten, tin as well as a range of industrial and construction materials. Abundant oil and gas reserves are found offshore, while coal deposits are largely centred in Scotland, England and South Wales.

Oil4,339million tonsMostly offshore. Proven and probable reserves, not possible resources.
Gas2,893billion Sm3Mostly offshore. Proven and probably reserves, not possible resources.
Coal4,000million metric tonsPotential resources. The UK has around 166 million tons of coal reserves operating mines and those in planning stages. There are another 167 million tons of coal in projects at pre-planning stage.
Tungsten318,000metric tonsEngland hosts the world's four largest known tungsten deposit, the Drakelands mine near Plympton, Devon.
Tin32,700metric tonsLocated at the Drakelands Mine near Plympton, Devon.
KaolinN/AUK deposits of kaolin are concentrated in Cornwall and Devon and world-class in terms of size and quality.
Ball clayN/ADeposits are centred in Devon and Dorset, mainly used for the manufacture of white ware ceramics
PotashN/AYorkshire has one of the largest proven world deposits of potassium-rich minerals.
SaltN/AEngland accounts for 95% of UK salt production, 80% of which takes place in Cheshire; the Boulby potash mine in Yorkshire is another large centre
FloursparN/AProduction is centred at the Southern Pennine ore field in the Peak District National Park.

UK crude oil production by start-up year of field

Oil and Gas Production (Sm3 o.e)

Initializing chart.

Coal Production (Tonnes)

Initializing chart.

Revenue collection

The latest EITI disclosures (2016) show that the United Kingdom received less from extractive industry taxation than it paid out in tax rebates by GBP 396m. Almost all (over 99%) of these payments were related to hydrocarbons, with the rest from mining. Revenues were collected through ring-fence corporation tax (77%), petroleum revenue tax (19%) and license fees (2%).

Revenue collection: revenues over time

Initializing chart.

Disbursed revenues by company: Sankey

Revenue allocation

HM Revenue and Customs manages all of the British state’s revenues from the extractive industries, aside from S106 payments levied by local authorities and the levy managed by the Oil and Gas Authority. Northern Ireland also receives a population-based share of revenues from petroleum license awarded on its offshore.  

Main revenue recipients by government entity


​The EITI encourages multi-stakeholder groups to explore innovative approaches to make the EITI more relevant and useful.

  • One of the United Kingdom’s objectives for EITI implementation is to support moves towards common global reporting standards in oil, gas and mining.

  • The United Kingdom is developing a publicly available register with information on who owns and controls companies.

  • The 2014 EITI Report provides five-year oil and gas production, budget and trade balance forecasts. Disaggregated employment figures are also provided for mining and quarrying.  



The UK government has taken a strong leadership role on the global tax transparency debate.  The EITI was set up under its leadership back in 2002.  The UK then supported the EU country-by-country reporting, committed to implement the EITI in 2013, placed tax and transparency at the centre of the G8 summit in 2013, and set up a beneficial ownership register in June 2016.In April 2018, the UK Parliamentary voted to require its overseas territories, including the British Virgin Islands and the Cayman Islands, to establish public beneficial ownership registers.

At a joint press conference with President of France François Hollande on 22 May 2013, Prime Minister David Cameron announced that the United Kingdom would implement the EITI. The commitment was reaffirmed at the 6th EITI Global Conference in Sydney in May 2013 and in the United Kingdom’s second OGP National Action Plan published at the 2013 OGP London Summit. The first EITI launch event took place on 9 July 2013 and the nominations to the multi-stakeholder group (MSG), composed of four members from each stakeholder group, were finalised in September 2013. The United Kingdom submitted its EITI Candidature application on 5 August 2014, approved by the EITI Board on 15 October 2014.

The present UK EITI Champion is Lord Henley



On 14 November 2019, the Board agreed that the United Kingdom has made meaningful progress in implementing the 2016 EITI Standard. See Decision 2019-62/BC-281. The United Kingdom's second Validation is scheduled to commence on 13 November 2020. 

Progress by requirement

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