Senegal

Statut ITIE Evaluation conformément à la Norme 2016 à venir
Membre de l'ITIE depuis 2013
Dernières données de 2014
Site Internet EITI Senegal

Overview

Senegal is not dependent on extractive industries, but it is a leading producer of phosphates and also produces gold and natural gas. Yet social tensions have arisen around community relations, subnational revenue transfers and environmental protection. In addition to the national EITI multi-stakeholder group, Parliamentarians also established a Parliamentary Network on Transparency in 2014 to use EITI to improve transparency and public understanding of the management of natural resources.

Beneficial ownership disclosure

Senegal's 2014 EITI Report attempted to collect beneficial ownership information directly from companies, although only some companies filled in the template largely with legal ownership information.. The MSG agreed a three-year roadmap on beneficial ownership disclosure in December 2016 and is undertaking a feasibility study in H1-2017. 

The EITI has become a growing requirement for civil society and citizens in countries endowed with natural resources. Senegal’s membership of the EITI is in line with this global context aimed at improving the governance of the extractives sector and to promote best practice in the dialogue between the State and its citizens.
HE Mahammed Boun Abdallah Dionne, Prime Minister of Senegal

Production

Senegal is one of the world’s leading producer of phosphate rock, although it also produces significant quantities of gold and industrial limestone. The country is also a small producer of natural gas, although it expects output of oil and gas to grow following significant discoveries offshore in 2015.

Natural resources 

Senegal has rich deposits of gold, iron ore, phosphates, natural gas and petroleum. Abundant oil and gas resources are found mainly offshore. Gold deposits are found mainly in the country’s East, around Kedougou and Tambacounda, while phosphates are located mainly in the North-West and South-East and iron ore are found mainly in the South-East (in the Faleme area around Kedougou).

CommodityReservesUnitSignificance
Oil3.59billion barrels
Gas450billion Sm3
Gold6241metric tons
Silver670 kg
Limestone557,585cubic meters
Basalt801,730cubic meters
Sand810,193cubic meters
Laterite745,939cubic meters
Phosphates24,881cubic meters

Revenue collection

The latest EITI disclosures (2014) show that Senegal received USD 221 million from extractive industry taxation. Over 92% of these revenues came from mining, mainly from gold and phosphates, and an exceptional payment from ArcelorMittal with the rest from natural gas. Mining revenues were mainly collected through ArcelorMittal's payment to Treasury (48%), VAT paid to the Department of Tax and Lands (20%), mining royalties (9%) and the salary withholding tax (7%).

Initializing chart.

Revenue allocation

The Directorate of Treasury and Public Accounts manages almost all extractive industry revenues in Senegal, although regional and municipal governments oversee small direct subnational revenues from the mining sector.

Reconciled revenues by company (Top 5 companies)

Innovations

​The EITI encourages multi-stakeholder groups to explore innovative approaches to make the EITI more relevant and useful.

  • President Macky Sall established a Strategic Orientation Committee for Oil and Gas (COS-PETROGAZ) to oversee the sector and ensure transparency in the management of the oil and gas sector, including in the allocation and transfer of licenses.

  • The national EITI webpage uses dynamic graphs from the EITI Report, available here.

  • The government published ten oil and gas PSCs and 27 mining contracts, in line with President Macky Sall's commitment during Senegal's application for EITI Candidature.

  • A Parliamentary Network on Transparency was established to use EITI information and provide input to MSG deliberations.
  • The 2013 and 2014 EITI Reports include descriptions of the oil and gas Joint Development Zone with Guinea-Bissau, while quarrying and artisanal and small-scale mining companies were included in the scope of the 2014 EITI Report.

  • The MSG has run training workshops for investigative journalists in resource-rich communities.

  • The EITI Senegal produced a video in 2016 on the EITI in Senegal

Implementation

EITI updated its workplan in early 2016, which includes plans for extending EITI reporting to oil and gas companies operating in the Joint Development Zone with Guinea-Bissau, sub-contractors and fisheries.​ In March 2017, EITI Senegal published a 16 minute documentary video on EITI implementation in the country.

Governance

The government announced its intention to apply for EITI Candidature at its 2 February 2012 Council of Ministers. A 20 June 2013 Presidential Decree established the MSG, reaffirmed by a July 2013 Decree by the Ministry of Energy and Mines, known as the Comité National and the 20 June 2013 meeting of Council of Ministers nominated Prof Ismaïla Fall, legal advisor to President Macky Sall, as chair of the MSG.  The new Mining Code enacted on 8 NOvember 2016 includes a requirement (Article 95) to participate in EITI reporting.

Timeline

Validation

Senegal's Validation against the Standard will commence on 1 July 2017. The country was admitted as EITI candidate in 2013.