In many resource rich developing countries, artisanal and small scale mining (ASM) provides a livelihood for millions of people and is a major source of economic development for many rural and regional communities. ASM does not typically generate material revenues at national level and is thus often excluded from EITI reporting. However, the EITI does requireHideEITI Requirement 6.3 states that EITI Reports are expected to include “an estimate of informal sector activity, including but not necessarily limited to artisanal and small scale mining.” in the information related to extractive industries contributions to the economy for the fiscal year covered (The EITI Standard, Page 29) that an estimate of informal sector activity, including ASM is disclosed and many countries have expressed an interest in further guidance on how the EITI can be a tool for addressing ASM challenges. This paper outlines how the EITI process – both reporting and the multi-stakeholder platform – can be used to inform public understanding and debate about ASM and the systems that administer it to ensure that value is created in a socially and environmentally sustainable way. It is intended for use by EITI multi-stakeholder groups (MSGs) and national secretariats.