Guidance on the contribution of the extractive sector to the economy (6.3), including ASM

Implementing countries must disclose, when available, information about the contribution of the extractive industries to the economy for the fiscal year covered by the EITI Report.

Countries where artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) is an important source of income for the government should include it in this overview.

Examples from countries

Mongolia

The 2014 EITI Report (pp. 47) expands on previous EITI Reports’ description of the contribution to the economy. It includes, in absolute and relative terms, the size of the extractive industries, their contribution to government revenue, exports and employment.

Iraq

The 2014 EITI Report states (on p. 33, point 2.8.1.3) that the Ministry of Industry and Minerals had 138,049 employees, of which 25,079 are specialised employees and technicians, and 73,832 work in production (extraction of minerals).

At the same time, the EITI Report shows that the country does not have any active mineral licenses, so no actual mineral extraction.

Countries that cover ASM

  • As of February 2005, fifteen countries have published estimated ASM figures and details: Afghanistan, Central African Republic, Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Ghana, Liberia, Madagascar, Mali, Mongolia, Niger, Philippines, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo (read more).

    They have published estimated figures as well as non-revenue information on the sector that includes details on the relevant legal framework, fiscal rates, licensing and estimated production and export figures. This can be found in the EITI Reports listed on the country pages.
     
  • See blog and study on ASM in Ethopia linked below.

Democratic Republic of the Congo

The country has published a scoping study on including ASM, see here.