Mauritania

EITI Status Yet to be assessed against the 2016 Standard
EITI Member Since 2007
Latest Data From 2014
Website EITI Mauritania

The country is a leading producer of iron ore, copper, gold, silver, oil and gas. Social conflicts have centred on mining workers’ rights, community relations and environmental impacts. In addition to a national EITI, focal points were designated in each municipal council in 2015 to support greater outreach, dissemination as well as collection of information.

Beneficial ownership disclosure

Mauritania’s 2013 EITI Report recommends that the government establish a public register of beneficial owners. Although an attempt was made to collect this information directly from the companies, only some companies filled in the template largely with legal ownership information.

Against all odds, Mauritania has managed to cut its way to sustained and progressive transparency in order to achieve the overall objective of making mining a driver of social cohesion and sustainable development.
M. Djibi M. Sow, Advsior to the Prime Minister, President of the EITI Mauritania National Committee.

Production

Mauritania is a leading producer of mineral commodities such as iron ore (the world’s seventh largest exporter), copper, gold, silver and crude oil. Mineral exploration is ongoing in the North and North-West of the country, while oil and gas exploration is particularly active offshore.

Oil and Gas Production

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Mineral Production

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Natural Resources

Mauritania has rich deposits of iron ore, gold, copper as well as phosphates, zinc, gypsum, uranium and rare earths. Iron ore and gold are predominantly centred in Fderik, in the Sahara, while copper is found primarily at Akjoujt. Phosphates and petroleum are located along the country’s coast and the country’s east has potential for iron ore and petroleum. West Africa’s largest natural gas discovery to date was located in waters straddling Mauritania and Senegal in 2016.

CommodityReservesUnitSignificance
Oil120million barrels
Gas1.2trillion st cu ft
Gold25million ounces
Copper28million metric tonsLarge copper deposits are located in the centre of the country.
Iron1.5billion metric tons
Quartz12million metric tons
Gypsum9billion metric tonsMauritania has the largest gypsum deposit in the world, located around Sebkha N’Drhamcha, on the coast north of Nouakchott.
Phosphates29million metric tonsThese deposits are located around Loubboira.

Revenue collection

The latest EITI disclosures (2014) show that Mauritania received USD 390 million from extractive industry taxation. Roughly three quarters of these revenues came from mining, with the rest from hydrocarbons, primarily crude oil. Revenues were mainly collected through unique annual royalties (25%), dividends from state participation (21%) and contributions to the state budget (11%), a new levy introduced in 2014.

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Reconciled revenues by company

Revenue allocation

Almost all extractive industry revenues flow to the Treasury. Municipalities perceive only communal taxes such as estate tax, the ‘patente’ fee and synthetic tax, which account for only a small share of revenues.

Implementation

EITI Mauritania updated its workplan in December 2015, with objectives including building trust and reducing conflict between stakeholders and encouraging transparency in other sectors like quarrying.  

Innovations

  • EITI subnational focal points were established by all municipal councils in 2015 to improve outreach and dissemination.

  • Reports include information disaggregated by company for exports, employment, legal ownership as well as details of the direction of Mauritania’s exports.

  • Mauritania is considering including quarrying in its EITI reporting.

Governance

The Mauritanian Government announced its intention to sign up to the EITI on 25 September 2005. The Prime Minister issued a decree on 7 September 2006 establishing the framework for EITI implementation. Ministerial decree n°2009-231 of 2009 regulates the organisation and functionning of the National Committee (Comité National), which ensures EITI implementation and follow up in Mauritania. The Committee consists of 30 members, 8 representatives each from government and industry and 14 from civil society. The Hydrocarbons Code of 2011 requires companies to disclose payments made to government.