This is Mauritania's 2016-2018 EITI Workplan.
The country is a leading producer of iron ore, copper, gold, silver, oil and gas. Social conflicts have centred on mining workers’ rights, community relations and environmental impacts. In addition to a national EITI, focal points were designated in each municipal council in 2015 to support greater outreach, dissemination as well as collection of information.
The three main taxes and fees imposed on companies operating in the mining sector include unique annual royalties, dividends from state participation and contributions to the state budget, a new fee introduced in 2014. The public Treasury is the main body responsible for collecting and managing taxes paid to the central government. The national oil company, Société Mauritanienne Des Hydrocarbures et de Patrimoine Minier (SMHPM), receives the state’s share of oil and the national resource fund, Fonds National de Revenus des Hydrocarbures (FNRH), manages all oil and gas revenues.
Some of the contracts are disclosed, including the Chinguetti production sharing contract.
Both mining licenses and Oil and gas production sharing contracts are awarded on a ‘first come first served’ basis. However mining licenses can also be awarded through competitive international tender, as in 2014.
Mauritania’s 2013 EITI Report recommends that the government establish a public register of beneficial owners. Although an attempt was made to collect this information directly from the companies, only some companies filled in the template largely with legal ownership information.
Against all odds, Mauritania has managed to cut its way to sustained and progressive transparency in order to achieve the overall objective of making mining a driver of social cohesion and sustainable development.
Mauritania has rich deposits of iron ore, gold, copper as well as phosphates, zinc, gypsum, uranium and rare earths. Iron ore and gold are predominantly centred in Fderik, in the Sahara, while copper is found primarily at Akjoujt. Phosphates and petroleum are located along the country’s coast and the country’s east has potential for iron ore and petroleum. West Africa’s largest natural gas discovery to date was located in waters straddling Mauritania and Senegal in 2016.
|Gas||1.2||trillion st cu ft|
|Copper||28||million metric tons||Large copper deposits are located in the centre of the country.|
|Iron||1.5||billion metric tons|
|Quartz||12||million metric tons|
|Gypsum||9||billion metric tons||Mauritania has the largest gypsum deposit in the world, located around Sebkha N’Drhamcha, on the coast north of Nouakchott.|
|Phosphates||29||million metric tons||These deposits are located around Loubboira.|
The latest EITI disclosures (2014) show that Mauritania received USD 390 million from extractive industry taxation. Roughly three quarters of these revenues came from mining, with the rest from hydrocarbons, primarily crude oil. Revenues were mainly collected through unique annual royalties (25%), dividends from state participation (21%) and contributions to the state budget (11%), a new levy introduced in 2014.
EITI Mauritania updated its workplan in December 2015, with objectives including building trust and reducing conflict between stakeholders and encouraging transparency in other sectors like quarrying.
EITI subnational focal points were established by all municipal councils in 2015 to improve outreach and dissemination.
Reports include information disaggregated by company for exports, employment, legal ownership as well as details of the direction of Mauritania’s exports.
- Mauritania is considering including quarrying in its EITI reporting.
The Mauritanian Government announced its intention to sign up to the EITI on 25 September 2005. The Prime Minister issued a decree on 7 September 2006 establishing the framework for EITI implementation. Ministerial decree n°2009-231 of 2009 regulates the organisation and functionning of the National Committee (Comité National), which ensures EITI implementation and follow up in Mauritania. The Committee consists of 30 members, 8 representatives each from government and industry and 14 from civil society. The Hydrocarbons Code of 2011 requires companies to disclose payments made to government.
This report covers the year 2014 (1 January to 31 December) and is the tenth EITI Report Mauritania published since becoming member of the EITI.
This is Mauritania's 2015 Annual Progress Report.
This EITI Report covers Mauritania's extractive sector in 2013. It was published in April 2015.
This is the Mauritania EITI 2014 Annual Progress Report (in accordance with Requirements 7.4 and 8.4).
This Mauritania EITI Validation report was published in September 2010.
Mr Sow is the Senior Advisor to the Prime Minister and President of the National EITI Committee.
Nationality: French and U.S. American
EITI responsibilities: Geographic: Country Manager for East Asia; thematic: technical support on Validation
Prior to joining the EITI he was a business intelligence and political risk analyst covering
EITI Responsibilities: Francophone Africa Regional Coordinator, EITI Supporting Companies and Financial Institutions, Communications, EITI Chair Fredrik Reinfeldt