ArrayMali

EITI Status Meaningful progress
EITI Member Since 2007
Latest Data From 2013
Website EITI Mali

Overview

The country is a leading producer of gold. Social conflicts have centred on environmental impacts of mining, distribution of revenues and informal mining. In addition to a national EITI, Mali is considering ways of decentralising the EITI process to expand outreach to resource-rich communities. Recent EITI Reports have provided more information of relevance to local communities, such as artisanal and small-scale mining and payments by mining contractors.

Beneficial ownership disclosure

Mali’s 2013 EITI Report explains that there is no legal definition of beneficial ownership in the country, nor does the government hold a register with ownership information. In an attempt to collect this data, Mali applied the beneficial ownership definition used in the EU’s 4th Anti-Money Laundering Directive. One company provided beneficial ownership information. The report recommends the creation of a public beneficial ownership register.

We were lucky to have authorities that quickly realised the poor management of our mineral and petroleum resources, which could lead to serious problems in our country. When Mali began production of mineral resources, some countries producing the same resources suffered severe crises due to poor management of such resources. Mali quickly took account of these experiences and has sought to avoid falling in this trap. To achieve this we need transparency in our management of the sector.
HE Boubou Cissé, Minister of Economy and Finance

Production

Mali is a leading producer of gold (the world’s tenth largest and Africa’s third), although prospecting for other minerals is on-going. Exploration for oil and gas slowed down since 2012, although four exploration licenses remained active in 2014.

Natural resources 

Mali has rich deposits of gold, bauxite, manganese, iron ore, limestone, phosphates and uranium. Oil and gas exploration has slowed down since 2012, although Mali has proven reserves of oil shale. Mineral deposits are primarily located around Kayes, Ansongo, Bafoulamé, Hombori, Tilemsi and western Mali.

CommodityReservesUnitSignificance
Oil shale10billion metric tons
Gold800metric tons
Zinc1.7 million metric tons
Uranium5000metric tonsMali has 5000 tons of U3O6 and 200 tons of U302 at 0.085%
Bauxite1.2billion metric tonsBauxite reserves are located primarily around Kayes and west of Bamako
Limestone40million metric tonsLimestone deposits are located in Bafoulamé and Hombori
Phosphates20million metric tonsPhosphate deposits are centred on Tilemsi
Manganese10million metric tonsManganese reserves are located around Ansongo
Iron2billion metric tonsIron ore deposits are located around Kayes.

Revenue collection

The latest EITI disclosures (2013) show that Mali received USD 449 million from extractive industry taxation. The vast majority of these revenues came from gold mining. Revenues were mainly collected through customs duties (20%), corporate income tax (18%), special tax on certain goods (14%).

Initializing chart.

Revenue allocation

Regional tax offices levy the ‘patente’ fee (1.1% of government revenue) directly from companies. All other revenues flow to central government, with little fiscal devolution.

Innovations

​The EITI encourages multi-stakeholder groups to explore innovative approaches to make the EITI more relevant and useful.

  • The 2013 Report includes information on payments by mining contractors and small-scale gold mining.

  • The new mining cadastre was launched in January 2016, with registration free of charge.

  • Mali is exploring ways of decentralising the EITI, in communications, outreach and data collection.  

Implementation

EITI Mali published its 2016 workplan in December 2015, with objectives including contract transparency and improving the legal framework for EITI implementation.

Governance

The government passed Prime Ministerial Decree no. 7/180/PR-RM establishing the institutional framework for EITI implementation in Mali. Three structures oversee EITI implementation: the Supervisory Committee defines the main strategies and lines of action and meets once a year; the Steering Committee, chaired by Cheickna Seïdy Diawara, Minister of Mines, is responsible for the execution of decisions and meets at least six times a year; and the Permanent Secretariat ensures day-to-day implementation of the EITI workplan. In December 2011 the government established another EITI Committee for environmental and local development issues.

Timeline

Validation

Mali was found to have achieved meaningful progress in implementing the EITI Standard in May 2017.

The country is compliant with the 2011 Rules.

Mali's progress by requirement