Uncovering data to help formalise artisanal and small-scale mining.
Including ASM in the scope of the EITI process allows countries to improve access to reliable data on artisanal mining, helping to foster a pathway to improving the lives of millions of people that depend on the industry.
In many resource-rich developing countries, artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) provides a livelihood for millions of people, representing a major source of economic development. But the sector is largely unregulated, resulting in limited information on production, revenues, employment and operations.
ASM is relevant in at least 31 EITI implementing countries. While ASM revenues do not typically meet the materiality thresholds for EITI reporting, EITI countries have reported on production, license allocation, areas affected, employment estimates, challenges in governance oversight and more. To date, 16 countries have included objectives related to ASM in their work plans.
Including ASM in the scope of the EITI process allows countries to improve access to reliable data on artisanal mining, thereby helping understand the contribution of ASM to the national economy, curb corruption and smuggling, establish legal and regulatory frameworks, spark public debate and support capacity building activities to formalise the sector. These measures can be a pathway to improving the lives of millions of people that depend on ASM to sustain their livelihoods.