Artisanal mining matters

Opening data, building trust

Uncovering data to help formalise artisanal and small-scale mining.

Including ASM in the scope of the EITI process allows countries to improve access to reliable data on artisanal mining, helping to foster a pathway to improving the lives of millions of people that depend on the industry.

In many resource-rich developing countries, artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) provides a livelihood for millions of people, representing a major source of economic development. But the sector is largely unregulated, resulting in limited information on production, revenues, employment and operations.

ASM is relevant in at least 31 EITI implementing countries. While ASM revenues do not typically meet the materiality thresholds for EITI reporting, EITI countries have reported on production, license allocation, areas affected, employment estimates, challenges in governance oversight and more. To date, 16 countries have included objectives related to ASM in their work plans.

Including ASM in the scope of the EITI process allows countries to improve access to reliable data on artisanal mining, thereby helping understand the contribution of ASM to the national economy, curb corruption and smuggling, establish legal and regulatory frameworks, spark public debate and support capacity building activities to formalise the sector. These measures can be a pathway to improving the lives of millions of people that depend on ASM to sustain their livelihoods.

 

  • 90 %
    of the global mining workforce is made up of people working in the ASM sector
  • An estimated
    10 million
    people in 16 EITI countries work in the ASM sector.

Mapping ASM, identifying areas for reform in the Democratic Republic of Congo

The EITI has helped to identify actors operating along supply chains in the formal and semi- informal ASM sector. EITI data also provide an overview of revenue streams at national and subnational levels by centralising information from several agencies. A scoping study has helped to map out ASM activities and point out deficiencies in the tax collection system, including the existence of informal taxes collected by intermediaries. Stakeholders are using the EITI

as a platform to discuss government reforms, challenges and national strategies needed to formalise the sector.