Responding to a changing environment

Opening data, building trust

EITI implementing countries have begun reporting on environmental issues, in response to community concerns.


The 2019 EITI Standard will enable communities and other stakeholders to better understand the nature of the environmental impact of mining, oil and gas operations

The environmental impacts of resource extraction have always represented a source of concern to communities, civil society, governments and regulators. In the context of a changing environment, pressure to manage environmental impacts are likely to intensify further.

Several EITI implementing countries have already taken the step of including information on the environment in their EITI reporting, incorporating information on environmental taxes, fees or other relevant payments in their reporting alongside analysis of environmental policies and management. Some countries are also increasingly using the EITI as a platform to monitor environmental impacts, such as oil spills in Trinidad and Tobago.

Building on work already undertaken in at least 28 EITI countries to report environmental data, the 2019 Standard encourages the disclosure of contextual information relating to environmental monitoring and, for the first time, covers material environmental payments by companies. These disclosures are important, because they are a step towards enabling communities and other stakeholders to better understand the nature of the environmental of mining, oil and gas operations.

At the international level, the EITI Board adapted the EITI Requirements on environmental monitoring. On the national level, 37 implementing countries have reported collecting environment taxes, fees or similar payments from companies. At least seven implementing countries are covering extra sectors relevant to environment and climate change: hydro- energy (Albania), forestry (Myanmar, Malawi, Liberia), water (Togo, Mali, Mongolia).

Understanding how Germany manages the environmental impact of extraction

Germany’s 2016 EITI Report covers environmental aspects and subsidies. It explains how environmental impacts are compensated for and how the state can guarantee that the cost of rehabilitating sites does not fall on the taxpayer. The report also disclosed the amount of water consumed by the extractive sector in each state and described the rules and fees for water usage.