Liberia has been in the process of implementing the EITI since 2006. The impacts demonstrate that the benefits of the EITI to the country are extensive. In this case study, Negbalee Warner, Head of the LEITI Secretariat, and Eddie Rich, Deputy Head of the EITI International Secretariat, offer their reflections on the contribution of the EITI process to the creation of sustainable development and post-conflict reconciliation in Liberia.
This publication is part of EITI's efforts to further the understanding of the sector and respond to the mining-specific challenges for EITI implementation.
A majority of the EITI Candidate countries report also on payments from their mining sectors.
- Governance Challenges and the Role of International Reporting Standards in Improving Performance
State-owned enterprises (SOEs) can be described as business-oriented majority government-owned institutions that sell goods or services or manage state equity and keep their own balance sheets. More than 146 of these enterprises have been established in the upstream oil, gas or mineral sectors, with almost a third focused primarily on mining. They often play important,
The EITI International Secretariat has performed the following assessment of routine online disclosures in Mongolia’s extractive sector to examine the country’s readiness to mainstream EITI implementation. The assessment follows the Terms of Reference for a mainstreaming feasibility study and reviews the extent to which there is:
(1) routine disclosure of the data required by the EITI Standard in requisite detail, and(2) whether the financial data is subject to credible, independent audit, applying international standards.
The EITI encourages implementing countries to publish contracts and license agreements governing oil, gas and mining operations. To this end, the paper brings together findings from implementing countries on the contract transparency requirements of the EITI Standard as documented during Validation.
This document recaps some of the stakeholder views gathered during Validation on the benefits and challenges with contract disclosure.
Artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) in EITI countries
Artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) is largely an informal sector with limited available information on production, revenues, operations and even location of activities. Regulation of the sector is often inadequate and its real contribution to national economy is difficult to estimate. Estimates of employment numbers and production levels in the ASM sector vary but show that it plays a significant role, particularly in the development mineral sector.
The brief provides examples from many of the 51 EITI member countries of how they have used their implementation of the EITI Standard to boost domestic resource mobilisation. While progress is being made, the brief concludes by setting out further ways in which countries can make use of the EITI to mobilise domestic resources.
The EITI contributes to domestic resource mobilisation by:
Improving tax administration.Identifying practices that could undermine taxation.Fostering dialogue about fiscal policies and reforms.
The EITI International Secretariat has undertaken an assessment of routine online disclosures in the extractive sector of the Kyrgyz Republic to examine the country’s readiness to mainstream EITI implementation.In accordance with the Terms of Reference for a mainstreaming feasibility study, the assessment reviews the extent to which there is:
While the EITI has typically focussed on the taxes and revenues paid by extractive companies to the government, a review of how EITI countries have covered local content in EITI Reports highlight the opportunities for EITI to contribute to local content transparency in the extractive sector. At least 24 EITI countries have decided to report local content information in EITI reporting. This includes descriptions of local content policies and commitments by companies, figures on local content (employment, procurement, and purchase of goods and nationality of company owners),
This paper is a stocktake of commodity trading transparency in select EITI implementing countries, aiming to shed light on the extent to which the level of transparency about the first sales have improved as a result of the EITI's increased focus on commodity trading transparency.