This expert report, authored by independent consultant Anwar Ravat, was originally commissioned to review the data assurance procedures used in EITI implementing countries and their cost, and to determine whether the use of Independent Administrators (AIs) safeguards the reporting of comprehensive and reliable data.
NGOs as innovators in extractive industry governance. Insights from the EITI process in Colombia and Peru
This paper explores NGO participation within the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI), a multi-stakeholder governance arrangement focused on generating greater transparency in the governance of extractive industries, and in particular in fiscal arrangements around mining, oil and gas operations. Using the cases of Peru and Colombia, we examine what motivates NGO participation in EITI, how NGOs have pursued innovations within EITI, the extent to which they have succeeded in achieving their goals, and the factors limiting or shaping their achievements.
La présente étude, préparé par M. Michel Bissou, offre un outil complémentaire aux initiatives déjà en cours en matière d’évaluation de l’impact de la mise en œuvre de l’ITIE. Il s’est agi en effet, à travers le calcul d’Indices de conformité à la Norme ITIE (ou Indices ITIE), d’apprécier, d’une part le bilan et les enjeux des premières Validations sur la mise en œuvre de la Norme ITIE 2016 en Afrique Francophone, d’autre part, d’entrevoir les perspectives de la mise en œuvre de la Norme ITIE 2019.
Multi-Stakeholder Initiatives (MSIs) are voluntary partnerships between governments, civil society, and the private sector that have emerged over the last 15 years to address development challenges collaboratively, entrench democratic practices, and strengthen regulatory frameworks. MSIs operate on the premise that governance outcomes can be improved by increased transparency and enhanced stakeholder participation in policy reforms.
This report examines three prominent Multi-Stakeholder Initiatives (MSIs) – the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM), Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) and Open Government Partnership (OGP) through the dual lenses of peer learning and peer pressure. The term “peers” implies a degree of equality between the participating parties. Peer review is defined as examinations that are systematic in their nature, of a state by another state(s), specifically designated institutions or a combination of the two. In MSIs, peer reviews are premised on mutual trust, non-confrontation,
– Case Studies of the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM), Open Government Partnership (OGP) and the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) in Ghana, Liberia, Sierra Leone and Tanzania
This report examines four African states (Ghana, Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Tanzania), and their membership in three multi-stakeholder initiatives: the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM), the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI), and the Open Government Partnership (OGP).
An Overview and Literature Review
This report reviews literature on three Multi-Stakeholder Initiatives (MSIs) – the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM), the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) and the Open Governance Partnership (OGP) – to provide an overview of how each MSI function and evaluate the extent to which each has impacted policy and governance issues thus far.
Edited by Tony Addison and Alan Roe
Brings together contributions from experts in the field from a wide variety of backgrounds to provide an authoritative view on each topic
Covers the economic dimensions of extractives and development, as well as their social and environmental impacts
Offers realistic recommendations to improve the extractives sector role in development
Delivers an objective and balanced steer on a variety of often contentious issues
This research contributes to the literature on natural resources and conflict. Christensen shows that the probability of a protest or riot in a locality roughly doubles where a commercial mine starts production. By contrast, he sees no effect on the likelihood of rebel activity or armed conflict.
The paper finds that the usual grievance-based explanations, such as environmental issues, in-migration, displacement, inequality and corruption, do little to predict where and when protests occur. Instead,
Multi-Stakeholder Initiatives (MSIs) are voluntary partnerships between governments, civil society, and the private sector which seek to promote good governance by holding governments and corporations accountable to citizens. Although MSIs conduct a great deal of research on transparency and good governance and have produced volumes of reports – some of which are critical of governments – they tend to be known mainly to a few stakeholders and devotees. The public is largely unfamiliar with them. Consequently, the public does not believe that MSIs have achieved much real-world impact.