Sao Tome and Principe

EITI Status Yet to be assessed against the 2016 Standard
EITI Member Since 2012
Latest Data From 2014


São Tomé and Príncipe is exploring for oil in two different zones under different jurisdictions: The Joint Development Zone (JDZ) with Nigeria, and the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). So far oil has not been discovered in commercially viable quantities. With the downturn in the price of oil, the government is looking at how to make the zone more competitive and attract new investors to continue exploration. The EITI is helping to inform the dialogue on rethinking how both the EEZ and the JDZ could attract investment while being managed in line with international best practice. EITI Reports have reviewing the legal, contractual and fiscal frameworks applicable to the oil sector.

It is very important for us to give citizens reliable information to allow them to be an effective part in the participatory budget process
Violeta de Herrera, mayor of Castilla who is piloting a regional EITI


There is currently no production in São Tomé and Principe, although exploration is ongoing.

Natural resources

São Tomé and Principe has for the past decade prepared itself for oil production and explored oil offshore. So far, no commercially viable oil discoveries have been made.

Revenue collection

São Tome and Príncipe received roughly USD 300 million in oil exploration revenue between 2003 and 2013, mainly from signature bonuses. Companies signed agreements to explore in the Exclusive Economic Zone. As the results have been disappointing, less companies are exploring offshore and revenues have decreased significantly. In 2014, the government received nearly USD 1.3 million from oil exploration.

Initializing chart.

Revenue allocation

All revenue from oil exploration are deposited into the national oil account, from which a maximum of 20% of the balance can annually be transferred to the state budget. At the end of 2013, there was roughly USD 10 million left in the account. The National Petroleum Agency (ANP) collects administration fees.


The EITI process is supported by all stakeholders and reports are creating debate especially about the management of the JDZ and social payments. In February 2016 the Board approved STP’s request for adapted implementation related to revenue reconciliation and contextual information related to the Joint Development Zone (JDZ) with Nigeria.


The EITI Champion is Minister of Finance Américo dos Ramos. The MSG has ten members, including representatives of the media and of the autonomous region of Príncipe. STP-EITI has a sub-committee with Nigeria EITI that coordinates EITI reporting in the Joint Development Zone.



São Tomé and Principe's Validation against the Standard commenced on 1 July 2016. The country was admitted as EITI candidate in 2013.