The Solomon Islands is heavily dependent on income from primary resource exports, which have been central to the country’s development aspirations and its associated challenges (World Bank, 2013). Resource related grievance is cited as the main explanations for the destabilising civil war (“the Tensions”) that divided the country between 1998 and 2003. Mining at Gold Ridge, until recently the only producing mine in the country, was suspended in April 2014. Gold Ridge has been cited as both a cause and a target of the conflict that took place at the mine site and in Guadalcanal during the uprising. With this background, how the mining sector develops and is managed is not only sensitive, but critical to sustainable development outcomes in the country.
Solomon Islands produced its first two EITI reports covering the 2012 and 2013 financial years on 28 June 2014, two days ahead of its 30 June deadline. Gold Ridge did not participate in the process, but government disclosure of these revenues is provided. A supplementary report is planned, and the MSG has also produced an annual activity report.