Tajikistan

EITI Status Inadequate progress / suspended
Joined EITI in 2013
Latest Data From 2016
Website EITI Tajikistan
Last updated 14 November 2019

Overview

Rich in natural resources, Tajikistan’s extractive sector is relatively undeveloped. The country places hopes on future development of extractive industries and uses EITI to attract foreign investment. The 2015-2016 EITI Report shows more than 600 deposits explored with some of them ready for industrial development. Besides considerable reserves of coal and gold, Tajikistan hosts one of the largest silver deposits in the world –  the Bolshoi Konemansur deposit. 

Beneficial ownership disclosure

Having taken part in the beneficial ownership pilot in 2014 Tajikistan published their beneficial ownership report in English and in Russian. Of the five companies that were neither publicly listed nor state-owned, four provided full information on legal ownership and three provided information about the beneficial owner. The report shows that most of the companies operating in the extractive sector are either Chinese or Tajik. Prior to producing the beneficial ownership report, Tajikistan also undertook scoping work documenting existing definitions and laws on beneficial ownership applicable to Tajikistan, as well as the information kept in company registers and license registers. In September 2015 Tajikistan's EITI Council produced an evaluation report on the beneficial ownership pilot, documenting the completeness of the disclosed information, data collection method, challenges and recommendations for further work on beneficial ownership.

Members of the EITI Council and the national secretariat published Tajikistan's beneficial ownership roadmap identifying actions needed for further beneficial ownership disclosures. In April 2019, the EITI Council has updated the BO Roadmap. Also, the EITI National Secretariat with the support from EBRD has conducted the MSG capacity building workshop on beneficial ownership in November 2018.

We are able to see extractive data in one report, which was not possible earlier. Though there is much room for improvement, our first EITI Report signals of the Tajikistan’s willingness to bring about greater transparency to our extractive sector.
Tojinisso Azizova, Council of the Transparency for Development Coalition of Public Organizations

Production

Tajikistan’s mineral production is currently limited. According to the last EITI Report, the country’s coal production in 2016 was 1361 thousand tons which is 30.7% more than in 2015. Country’s total oil and gas extraction as of 2016 was 25.123 tons and 2.979 thousand m³ of gas respectively. Gold and silver production has also spiked in comparison to previous years, resulting in 4962 kgs of gold and 2665.5 kgs of silver in 2016. Gold and silver production has also spiked in comparison to previous years bringing hopes up for further production. The information on precious metals is considered to be a state secret, however, the government disclosed gold production volume and value data for the purpose of EITI reporting.

Natural resources

Tajikistan is rich in over 50 types of natural resources and holds more than 600 deposits discovered during the last couple of decades. There are more than 40 deposits of coal in Zeravshan-Hissor, South Hissor, Pamir-Darvaz and South Fergana regions. There are also reserves of lead, zinc, copper, bismuth, antimony, mercury, gold, silver, iron and wolframium (tungsten). Despite only partial exploration, oil and gas fields promise to bring Tajikistan over 1033.76 million of conventional fuel equivalent.

CommodityReservesUnitSignificance
Coal4,366.5million tons
Lead and zinc
Copper150Thousand tons
Antimony and MercuryTajikistan is currently virtually the only country in the CIS that has antimony reserve with good quality ore and potential for significant expansion.
SilverOver 100Thousand tonsTajikistan is the largest country with silver-ore deposits in Central Asia.
Oil2,8Million tonsHydrocarbon resources in Tajikistan promising but poorly explored.
Gas5118Million tons
Gas condensate254Thousand tons

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Initializing chart.

Revenue collection

The latest EITI disclosures (2016) show that Tajikistan received USD 108 million of government which is 7.5% of the revenues of the state budget of the Republic of Tajikistan due to tax, non-tax revenues and grants. The sector represents 5% of government budget in 2016, the extractive sector was responsible for 34% of that year’s exports.

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Reconciled revenues by top 5 companies

Revenue allocation

All payments from extractive industries are collected by the State of Tajikistan. Revenue distribution between national and local budgets is carried out annually on the basis of the Law on State Budget for the relevant year.

Social and economic contribution

According to the Tajik Agency on Statistics, the share of employment in the mining industry is 8% of total employment in the national economy. More than 80.9 thousand people are employed in the mining industry in the country.

We share the belief that the rational use of natural resources can be a crucial factor in sustainable economic growth that contributes to sustainable development and poverty reduction. Implementation of EITI in Tajikistan forms a governance capacity, improves international credibility and confirms the government's commitment to tackle corruption.
Mekhrinamo Dzhonmamadzoda, Deputy Minister of Finance of Tajikistan

Policy recommendations and reforms

The EITI Council provided recommendations to the draft Law on Subsoil and Subsoil Use, in particular on mandatory reporting for all extractive companies, partial contact transparency and beneficial ownership disclosures. The draft law is currently undergoing the government's review.

Innovations

The EITI encourages multi-stakeholder groups to explore innovative approaches to make the EITI more relevant and useful. EITI reporting remains the sole source for information on the extractive industries in Tajikistan.

EITI opens space for civil society voicing their concerns on the natural resource governance with the government and companies.

Implementation

Tajikistan joined the EITI in February 2013. The country was suspended in April 2015 as it was unable to produce its first EITI Report in accordance with the reporting deadline of 26 February 2015. The 2014 EITI Report was published in November 2015, lifting the suspension. The first Validation of Tajikistan commenced on 1 July 2016. On 8 February 2017, the EITI Board suspended Tajikistan due to inadequate progress overall in implementing the 2016 EITI Standard. The second Validation of Tajikistan commenced on 8 September 2018.

Governance

The EITI implementation is governed by a Presidential Decree no 449, issued by President Emomali Rahmon on 31 August 2012. Following the presidential elections in November 2013, Mrs. Mehrinamo Jonmammadova, Deputy Minister of Finance, was appointed as new EITI Champion and Chair of the EITI Council - Tajik multi-stakeholder group. The EITI Council leads and oversees the EITI process in Tajikistan and was formed with equal representation of the government, civil society and the extractive companies.

Timeline

Validation

On 8 March 2017, the EITI Board agreed that Tajikistan has made inadequate progress overall in implementing the 2016 EITI Standard. View more information below or go to the Board's decision in full.

On 8 September 2018, the second Validation of Tajikistan commenced. The EITI Board is yet to assess the country following a report from the Independent Validator and recommendations from the EITI Validation Committee. 

Tajikistan's progress by requirement

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