Tajikistan

EITI Status Yet to be assessed against the 2016 Standard
EITI Member Since 2013
Latest Data From 2014
Website EITI Tajikistan

Overview

Rich in natural resources, Tajikistan’s extractive sector is relatively undeveloped. The country places hopes on future development of extractive industries and uses EITI to attract foreign investment. The 2014 EITI report shows more than 600 deposits explored with some of them ready for industrial development. Besides considerable reserves of coal and gold, Tajikistan hosts one of the largest silver deposits in the world –  the Bolshoi Konemansur deposit. 

Beneficial ownership disclosure

Having taken part in the beneficial ownership pilot in 2014 Tajikistan published their beneficial ownership report in English and in Russian. Of the five companies that were neither publicly listed nor state-owned, four provided full information on legal ownership and three provided information about the beneficial owner. The report shows that most of the companies operating in the extractive sector are either Chinese or Tajik. Prior to producing the beneficial ownership report, Tajikistan also undertook scoping work documenting existing definitions and laws on beneficial ownership applicable to Tajikistan, as well as the information kept in company registers and license registers. In September 2015 Tajikistan's EITI Council produced an evaluation report on the beneficial ownership pilot, documenting the completeness of the disclosed information, data collection method, challenges and recommendations for further work on beneficial ownership.

Members of the EITI Council and the national secretariat published Tajikistan's beneficial ownership roadmap identifying actions needed for further beneficial ownership disclosures. The roadmap maps out activities for beneficial ownership disclosures in Tajikistan by 1 January 2020.

We are able to see extractive data in one report, which was not possible earlier. Though there is much room for improvement, our first EITI Report signals of the Tajikistan’s willingness to bring about greater transparency to our extractive sector.
Tojinisso Azizova, Council of the Transparency for Development Coalition of Public Organizations

Production

Tajikistan’s mineral production is currently limited. According to the last EITI Report, the country’s coal production increased by 4.4 times in 2014 while oil and gas production dropped significantly. Country’s total oil and gas extraction as of January 2015 was 7.29 million tons and 8.16 tons respectively. Gold and silver production has also spiked in comparison to previous years, resulting in 3489 kgs of gold (value of USD $147.5 million. Source http://www.pmbull.com) and 1870 kgs of silver (value of USD $1.05 million. Source http://www.pmbull.com) in 2014.

Gold and silver production has also spiked in comparison to previous years bringing hopes up for further production.

Natural resources

Tajikistan is rich in over 50 types of natural resources and holds more than 600 deposits discovered during the last couple of decades. There are more than 40 deposits of coal in Zeravshan-Hissor, South Hissor, Pamir-Darvaz and South Fergana regions. There are also reserves of lead, zinc, copper, bismuth, antimony, mercury, gold, silver, iron and wolframium (tungsten). Despite only partial exploration, oil and gas fields promise to bring Tajikistan over 1033.76 million of conventional fuel equivalent.

CommodityReservesUnitSignificance
Coal4,366.5million tons
Lead and zinc
Copper150Thousand tons
Antimony and MercuryTajikistan is currently virtually the only country in the CIS that has antimony reserve with good quality ore and potential for significant expansion.
SilverOver 100Thousand tonsTajikistan is the largest country with silver-ore deposits in Central Asia.
Oil2,8Million tonsHydrocarbon resources in Tajikistan promising but poorly explored.
Gas5118Million tons
Gas condensate254Thousand tons

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Revenue collection

The latest EITI disclosures (2014) show that Tajikistan received USD 87 million of government revenue from the extractive sector with more than 90% generated from mining. The sector represents 4% of government budget in 2014, the extractive sector was responsible for 23% of that year’s exports.

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Revenue allocation

All payments from extractive industries are collected by the State of Tajikistan. Revenue distribution between national and local budgets is carried out annually on the basis of the Law on State Budget for the relevant year.

Social and economic contribution

According to the Tajik Agency on Statistics, the share of employment in the mining industry is 5.18% of total employment in the national economy. More than 8 thousand jobs were created in the mining industry alone.

We share the belief that the rational use of natural resources can be a crucial factor in sustainable economic growth that contributes to sustainable development and poverty reduction. Implementation of EITI in Tajikistan forms a governance capacity, improves international credibility and confirms the government's commitment to tackle corruption.
Mekhrinamo Dzhonmamadova, Deputy Minister of Finance of Tajikistan

Policy recommendations and reforms

The EITI Council has established a working group to address recommendations from the first EITI Report. The working group released a supplementary 2014 EITI Report and a gap analysis with set of recommendations to improve EITI reporting. The major work is now centered around amendments to the Law on Subsoil Use that is expected to be adopted by the end of this year.

Innovations

The EITI encourages multi-stakeholder groups to explore innovative approaches to make the EITI more relevant and useful.

  • Tajikistan took part in the EITI pilot on beneficial ownership publishing the results in 2014.

  • A directory of mining companies was created following the EITI implementation leading to administrative reform.

Implementation

Tajikistan was suspended on 14 April 2015 as it was unable to produce its first report in accordance with the reporting deadline of 26 February 2014. The International  EITI Board decided to lift its suspension on 13 November 2015 following a publication of the 2014 EITI Report on 27 October 2015. The report, for the first time in Tajikistan’s history, enabled public access to information on extractive industries.

The International EITI Board requested the commencement of Tajikistan’s and fourteen other countries’ Validation on 1 July 2016 at its 34th Board meeting in Oslo in 2016. The EITI Board is yet to assess the country following a report from the Independent Validator and recommendations from the EITI Implementation Committee. 

Governance

The EITI implementation is governed by a Presidential Decree no 449, issued by President Emomali Rahmon on 31 August 2012. Following the presidential elections in November 2013, Mrs. Mehrinamo Jonmammadova, Deputy Minister of Finance, was appointed as new EITI Champion and Chair of the EITI  Council - Tajik multi-stakeholder group. The EITI Council is supported by the national secretariat comprising of national coordinator Bahtiyor Zuhurov and technical consultant Jahongir Nigmatov. The EITI Council leads and oversees the EITI process in Tajikistan and was formed with  equal representation of the government, civil society and the extractive companies.

Timeline

Validation

Tajikistan's Validation against the Standard commenced on 1 July 2016. The country was admitted as EITI candidate in 2013.