This EITI Report covers Tajikistan's extractive sector in 2015-2016.
Rich in natural resources, Tajikistan’s extractive sector is relatively undeveloped. The country places hopes on future development of extractive industries and uses EITI to attract foreign investment. The 2014 EITI report shows more than 600 deposits explored with some of them ready for industrial development. Besides considerable reserves of coal and gold, Tajikistan hosts one of the largest silver deposits in the world – the Bolshoi Konemansur deposit.
Having taken part in the beneficial ownership pilot in 2014 Tajikistan published their beneficial ownership report in English and in Russian. Of the five companies that were neither publicly listed nor state-owned, four provided full information on legal ownership and three provided information about the beneficial owner. The report shows that most of the companies operating in the extractive sector are either Chinese or Tajik. Prior to producing the beneficial ownership report, Tajikistan also undertook scoping work documenting existing definitions and laws on beneficial ownership applicable to Tajikistan, as well as the information kept in company registers and license registers. In September 2015 Tajikistan's EITI Council produced an evaluation report on the beneficial ownership pilot, documenting the completeness of the disclosed information, data collection method, challenges and recommendations for further work on beneficial ownership.
Members of the EITI Council and the national secretariat published Tajikistan's beneficial ownership roadmap identifying actions needed for further beneficial ownership disclosures. The roadmap maps out activities for beneficial ownership disclosures in Tajikistan by 1 January 2020.
Tajikistan’s mineral production is currently limited. According to the last EITI Report, the country’s coal production increased by 4.4 times in 2014 while oil and gas production dropped significantly. Country’s total oil and gas extraction as of January 2015 was 7.29 million tons and 8.16 tons respectively. Gold and silver production has also spiked in comparison to previous years, resulting in 3489 kgs of gold (value of USD $147.5 million. Source http://www.pmbull.com) and 1870 kgs of silver (value of USD $1.05 million. Source http://www.pmbull.com) in 2014.
Gold and silver production has also spiked in comparison to previous years bringing hopes up for further production.
Tajikistan is rich in over 50 types of natural resources and holds more than 600 deposits discovered during the last couple of decades. There are more than 40 deposits of coal in Zeravshan-Hissor, South Hissor, Pamir-Darvaz and South Fergana regions. There are also reserves of lead, zinc, copper, bismuth, antimony, mercury, gold, silver, iron and wolframium (tungsten). Despite only partial exploration, oil and gas fields promise to bring Tajikistan over 1033.76 million of conventional fuel equivalent.
|Lead and zinc|
|Antimony and Mercury||Tajikistan is currently virtually the only country in the CIS that has antimony reserve with good quality ore and potential for significant expansion.|
|Silver||Over 100||Thousand tons||Tajikistan is the largest country with silver-ore deposits in Central Asia.|
|Oil||2,8||Million tons||Hydrocarbon resources in Tajikistan promising but poorly explored.|
|Gas condensate||254||Thousand tons|
The latest EITI disclosures (2014) show that Tajikistan received USD 87 million of government revenue from the extractive sector with more than 90% generated from mining. The sector represents 4% of government budget in 2014, the extractive sector was responsible for 23% of that year’s exports.
The EITI Council has established a working group to address recommendations from the first EITI Report. The working group released a supplementary 2014 EITI Report and a gap analysis with set of recommendations to improve EITI reporting. The major work is now centered around amendments to the Law on Subsoil Use that is expected to be adopted by the end of this year.
The EITI encourages multi-stakeholder groups to explore innovative approaches to make the EITI more relevant and useful.
Tajikistan took part in the EITI pilot on beneficial ownership publishing the results in 2014.
- A directory of mining companies was created following the EITI implementation leading to administrative reform.
Tajikistan was suspended on 14 April 2015 as it was unable to produce its first report in accordance with the reporting deadline of 26 February 2014. The International EITI Board decided to lift its suspension on 13 November 2015 following a publication of the 2014 EITI Report on 27 October 2015. The report, for the first time in Tajikistan’s history, enabled public access to information on extractive industries.
The International EITI Board requested the commencement of Tajikistan’s and fourteen other countries’ Validation on 1 July 2016 at its 34th Board meeting in Oslo in 2016. The EITI Board is yet to assess the country following a report from the Independent Validator and recommendations from the EITI Implementation Committee.
The EITI implementation is governed by a Presidential Decree no 449, issued by President Emomali Rahmon on 31 August 2012. Following the presidential elections in November 2013, Mrs. Mehrinamo Jonmammadova, Deputy Minister of Finance, was appointed as new EITI Champion and Chair of the EITI Council - Tajik multi-stakeholder group. The EITI Council is supported by the national secretariat comprising of national coordinator Bahtiyor Zuhurov and technical consultant Jahongir Nigmatov. The EITI Council leads and oversees the EITI process in Tajikistan and was formed with equal representation of the government, civil society and the extractive companies.
This is Tajikistan's EITI 2016 Annual Progress Report (in accordance with Requirements 7.4 and 8.4).
Tajikistan Validation commenced on 1 July 2016. On 8 March 2017, the EITI Board found that Tajikistan has made inadequate progress in implementing the 2016 EITI Standard. The country was suspended and needs to address corrective actions.
The following documentation laid the basis for the Board's decision, attached below:
This report attempts to examine the state of affairs with quasi-fiscal expenditures in the extractive industries of Tajikistan. Based on the methodology of the IMF and the use of international experience, an approach has been identified to identify and systematize quasi-fiscal expenditures, their nature, types and forms of manifestation in the activities of state-owned enterprises in the extractive sector.
Based on the analysis of the legislative framework and the practice of financial transactions, a monitoring of the current practice in Tajikistan was conducted.
This is the Tajikistan EITI 2016-2017 work plan (in accordance with Requirement 1.5).
This EITI Report covers Tajikistan's extractive sector in 2014.
Tajikistan published a visual version of its 2014 EITI Report, illustrated with infographics.
This is the Tajikistan EITI 2014 Annual Progress Report (in accordance with Requirements 7.4 and 8.4).
This scoping study was prepared for Tajikistan's EITI.
The extractive sector is becoming increasingly important for Tajikistan’s economy. This scoping study aims to provide Tajikistan’s EITI multi-stakeholder group with a professional opinion regarding the extractive sectors and companies that should be included in its first EITI report. It covers the relevant extractive activities that took place in Tajikistan during the year 2013, which can be categorized as mining, oil and gas, and electricity production.
EITI responsibilities: Support to EITI implementation and outreach in Asia.
Prior to joining the EITI in 2009, Dyveke worked for Xstrata Nickel in the Dominican Republic and at the Center for Development Studies at the University of Agder.
Oliana is Country Manager at the EITI International Secretariat working with Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia. Nationality: Ukrainian Prior to joining the EITI in November 2015,
Olesia supports Asia team at the International Secretariat.
Olesia holds bachelor’s degree in Economic Theory from Ukraine and MSc in Strategic Marketing Management from Norway.