Central African Republic
In early 2014, an interim President was appointed in the Central African Republic. However, the country has remained unstable since the coup d’état that ousted President François Bozizé in 2013.
Rough diamond is the country’s leading mineral export and exploitation has so far been done exclusively through artisanal methods. According to the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme, rough diamond exports stood at 371,000 carats, worth USD 62.1 million, in 2012, the year before the ban was declared in May 2013. That figure represents about half of CAR's total exports and 20% of budget receipts (Africa Confidential).
Prior to the 2013 coup d’état, the Central African Republic was ranked 14th among the world’s leading producers of rough diamond by volume, and 12th among the world’s leading producers of rough diamond by value.
In 2011, Central African Republic was ranked 11th among the world’s leading producers of rough diamond by volume and 12th by value. Mining accounted for about 2.8% of the country’s gross domestic product. Clay, gold, and sand and gravel were also produced. Undeveloped mineral resources included copper, graphite, ilmenite, iron ore, kyanite, lignite, manganese, monazite, quartz, rutile, salt, tin, and uranium (USGS 2011 Minerals Yearbook).
On the 10 April 2013, the EITI Board decided to temporarily suspend the Central African Republic’s status as EITI compliant, due to political instability. The Board held that EITI CAR does not currently have a recognised government necessary for effective EITI implementation. In accordance with requirement 1.7.b of the EITI Standard, Central African Republic may apply to lift the suspension at any time.
On 9 May 2014 the Board agreed to extend the suspension. This decision followed the resignation of the Interim president Michel Djotodia, in January 2014, over criticism that he failed to stop sectarian violence. Mme Catherine Samba-Panza took over as interim leader with a mandate to restore peace and security and organise elections. Her government submitted a request to the Board to extend the suspension of the CAR rather than delist it.
EITI CAR published its 2010 Report in November 2012, the Report covering 2007-2009 was published in December 2010 and that covering 2006 in March 2009. Country-wide dissemination of the results of these reports continued through 16 EITI committees at district level in 2011 and 2012.
These EITI reports disclose government revenues from the artisanal production of diamond.
The Central African Republic was declared EITI compliant on 1 March 2011. It was admitted as an EITI candidate country in 2008.
- Establishment of 16 regional EITI sub-committees.
- Development of methodology for reporting in an entirely informal sector.
- Formal announcement of integration of forestry in the 2011 report.
- Nationwide grassroots outreach and media campaign in local languages.
- Institutional cooperation with the National Assembly (including declaration of support by Parliamentarians).
- Independent annual budget for EITI CAR as integral and recurring part of state budget.
- Films on the EITI (targeted to e.g. Parliamentarians).
- Co-hosting of regional EITI conference in March 2012 in Bangui for peer exchange.