Mauritania's 2015 EITI Report covers extractive activities in the country for that fiscal year. The document is in French.
The country is a leading producer of iron ore, copper, gold, silver, oil and gas. Social conflicts have centred on mining workers’ rights, community relations and environmental impacts. In addition to a national EITI, focal points were designated in each municipal council in 2015 to support greater outreach, dissemination as well as collection of information.
The three main taxes and fees imposed on companies operating in the mining sector include unique annual royalties, dividends from state participation and contributions to the state budget, a new fee introduced in 2014. The public Treasury is the main body responsible for collecting and managing taxes paid to the central government. The national oil company, Société Mauritanienne Des Hydrocarbures et de Patrimoine Minier (SMHPM), receives the state’s share of oil and the national resource fund, Fonds National de Revenus des Hydrocarbures (FNRH), manages all oil and gas revenues.
Some of the contracts are disclosed, including the Chinguetti production sharing contract.
Both mining licenses and Oil and gas production sharing contracts are awarded on a ‘first come first served’ basis. However mining licenses can also be awarded through competitive international tender, as in 2014.
Mauritania’s 2013 EITI Report recommends that the government establish a public register of beneficial owners. Although an attempt was made to collect this information directly from the companies, only some companies filled in the template largely with legal ownership information.
Against all odds, Mauritania has managed to cut its way to sustained and progressive transparency in order to achieve the overall objective of making mining a driver of social cohesion and sustainable development.
Mauritania has rich deposits of iron ore, gold, copper as well as phosphates, zinc, gypsum, uranium and rare earths. Iron ore and gold are predominantly centred in Fderik, in the Sahara, while copper is found primarily at Akjoujt. Phosphates and petroleum are located along the country’s coast and the country’s east has potential for iron ore and petroleum. West Africa’s largest natural gas discovery to date was located in waters straddling Mauritania and Senegal in 2016.
|Gas||1.2||trillion st cu ft|
|Copper||28||million metric tons||Large copper deposits are located in the centre of the country.|
|Iron||1.5||billion metric tons|
|Quartz||12||million metric tons|
|Gypsum||9||billion metric tons||Mauritania has the largest gypsum deposit in the world, located around Sebkha N’Drhamcha, on the coast north of Nouakchott.|
|Phosphates||29||million metric tons||These deposits are located around Loubboira.|
The latest EITI disclosures (2014) show that Mauritania received USD 390 million from extractive industry taxation. Roughly three quarters of these revenues came from mining, with the rest from hydrocarbons, primarily crude oil. Revenues were mainly collected through unique annual royalties (25%), dividends from state participation (21%) and contributions to the state budget (11%), a new levy introduced in 2014.
The EITI encourages multi-stakeholder groups to explore innovative approaches to make the EITI more relevant and useful.
EITI subnational focal points were established by all municipal councils in 2015 to improve outreach and dissemination.
Reports include information disaggregated by company for exports, employment, legal ownership as well as details of the direction of Mauritania’s exports.
- Mauritania is considering including quarrying in its EITI reporting.
EITI Mauritania updated its workplan in December 2015, with objectives including building trust and reducing conflict between stakeholders and encouraging transparency in other sectors like quarrying.
Mauritania was found to have achieved meaningful progress in implementing the EITI Standard. View more information under the Validation section of this page or go to the Board's decision in full. Previously, the country was compliant under the 2011 Rules.
The Mauritanian Government announced its intention to sign up to the EITI on 25 September 2005. The Prime Minister issued a decree on 7 September 2006 establishing the framework for EITI implementation. Ministerial decree n°2009-231 of 2009 regulates the organisation and functionning of the National Committee (Comité National), which ensures EITI implementation and follow up in Mauritania. The Committee consists of 30 members, 8 representatives each from government and industry and 14 from civil society. The Hydrocarbons Code of 2011 requires companies to disclose payments made to government.
This is Mauritania EITI's Open Data Policy, published in July 2017.
The Annual Progress Report provides an overview of all EITI Mauritania's activities during the past year.
Mauritania's Validation commenced on 1 July 2016. On March 8 2017, the EITI Board found that Mauritania has made meaningful progress in implementing the 2016 EITI Standard.
The following documentation laid the basis for the Board's decision, attached below:
This is Mauritania's 2016-2018 EITI Workplan.
This report covers the year 2014 (1 January to 31 December) and is the tenth EITI Report Mauritania published since becoming member of the EITI.
This is Mauritania's 2015 Annual Progress Report.
An outline of the steps leading to beneficial ownership disclosure by 1 January 2020.
This EITI Report covers Mauritania's extractive sector in 2013. It was published in April 2015.
This is the Mauritania EITI 2014 Annual Progress Report (in accordance with Requirements 7.4 and 8.4).
This Mauritania EITI Validation report was published in September 2010.
Dylan is Regional Director for Francophone West Africa at the International Secretariat. In addition to his regional responsibilities, he supports and monitors EITI implementation in Mali, Mauritania, Niger, and Senegal.
EITI responsibilities: Support EITI implementing countries
Gisela joined the team at the EITI International Secretariat in May 2014. Having worked at the Trinidad and Tobago EITI National Secretariat over the last two years,