Mauritania's 2017 EITI Report covers extractive activities in the country for that fiscal year. The document is in French.
Mauritania is a leading producer of iron ore, copper, gold, silver, oil and gas. Recent discoveries of offshore gas reserves by Kosmos have increased production forecasts. Mauritania and Senegal, with BP and Kosmos Energy, announced in December 2018 that they reached a final investment decision for the Grand Tortue project.
Social conflicts have centred on mining workers’ rights, community relations and environmental impacts. In addition to a national EITI, focal points were designated in each municipal council in 2015 to support greater outreach, dissemination as well as collection of information.
The three main taxes and fees imposed on companies operating in the mining sector include unique annual royalties, dividends from state participation and contributions to the state budget, a new fee introduced in 2014. The public Treasury is the main body responsible for collecting and managing taxes paid to the central government. The national oil company, Société Mauritanienne Des Hydrocarbures et de Patrimoine Minier (SMHPM), receives the state’s share of oil and the national resource fund, Fonds National de Revenus des Hydrocarbures (FNRH), manages all oil and gas revenues. To date, Mauritania has 250 active permits, with 90 operators in the region.
Contracts and Licences
Some of the contracts are disclosed, including the Chinguetti production sharing contract. Both mining licenses and Oil and gas production sharing contracts are awarded on a ‘first come first served’ basis. However mining licenses can also be awarded through competitive international tender, as in 2014.
Mauritania's mining cadastre contains up-to-date information on model mining contracts, applications and active licences.
Mauritania’s 2016 EITI Report recommends that the government establish a public register of beneficial owners. Although an attempt was made to collect this information directly from the companies, only some companies filled in the template largely with legal ownership information.
Against all odds, Mauritania has managed to cut its way to sustained and progressive transparency in order to achieve the overall objective of making mining a driver of social cohesion and sustainable development.
Mauritania has rich deposits of iron ore, gold, copper as well as phosphates, zinc, gypsum, uranium and rare earths. Iron ore and gold are predominantly centred in Fderik, in the Sahara, while copper is found primarily at Akjoujt. Phosphates and petroleum are located along the country’s coast and the country’s east has potential for iron ore and petroleum. West Africa’s largest natural gas discovery to date is located in waters straddling Mauritania and Senegal in 2016 (Grand Tortue Ahmeyim) with estimated reserves of 450 bcf of gas. An Agreement for Intergovernmental Co-operation was signed between the governments of Senegal and Mauritania for joint production of natural gas, with Kosmos and BP as operators.
|Gas||1.2||trillion st cu ft|
|Copper||28||million metric tons||Large copper deposits are located in the centre of the country.|
|Iron||1.5||billion metric tons|
|Quartz||12||million metric tons|
|Gypsum||9||billion metric tons||Mauritania has the largest gypsum deposit in the world, located around Sebkha N’Drhamcha, on the coast north of Nouakchott.|
|Phosphates||29||million metric tons||These deposits are located around Loubboira.|
The EITI encourages multi-stakeholder groups to explore innovative approaches to make the EITI more relevant and useful.
- EITI implementation paved the way for the first audit of the sovereign petroleum fund (FNRH) and the publication of the two extractives state-owned enterprises’ (SNIM and SMHPM) audited financial statements.
- EITI subnational focal points were established by all municipal councils in 2015 to improve outreach and dissemination.
- Reports include information disaggregated by company for exports, employment, legal ownership as well as details of the direction of Mauritania’s exports.
- EITI-Mauritania launched an app providing easy access to key and simplified data on Mauritania’s mining and petroleum sectors drawing from EITI reports since 2012.
- EITI-Mauritania has engaged a feasibility study on making EITI disclosures more regular and systematic, and mainstreaming EITI in government and company systems.
- Mauritania is participating in the targeted effort on commodity trading transparency and the 2015 EITI report included oil sales and description of the selection process of the trader in charge of commercialising Mauritania’s oil production
- Mauritania launched an EITI mainstreaming feasibility project in April 2018, with support from the German government. It has since developed a roadmap for mainstreamed disclosures.
EITI Mauritania updated its workplan in August 2018, with objectives on EITI mainstreaming.
Mauritania was found to have achieved meaningful progress in implementing the EITI Standard. View more information under the Validation section of this page or go to the Board's decision in full. Previously, the country was compliant under the 2011 Rules.
The Mauritanian Government announced its intention to sign up to the EITI on 25 September 2005. The Prime Minister issued a decree on 7 September 2006 establishing the framework for EITI implementation. Ministerial decree n°2009-231 of 2009 regulates the organisation and functionning of the National Committee (Comité National), which ensures EITI implementation and follow up in Mauritania. The Committee consists of 30 members, 8 representatives each from government and industry and 14 from civil society. The Hydrocarbons Code of 2011 requires companies to disclose payments made to government.
Mauritania's Second Validation to the Standard commenced in September 2018. In February 2019, Mauritania was found to have achieved meaningful progress in implementing the EITI Standard, with considerable improvements across several individual requirements. The country previously was compliant under the 2011 Rules.
Mauritania's work plan for 2020. Includes section on measurement and evaluation and mapping of EITI contributions to national priorities. Document is in French.
Measurement and evaluation framework EITI Mauritania, including mapping of national priorities (French)
EITI Mauritania developped a measurement and evaluation framework, linking EITI outcomes to the national growth strategy (SCAPP). The file is in French.
The below is a translation from French.
Decree No. 2019-141/PM on the systematic disclosure of data relating to the extractive industries
The Council of Ministers having been consulted, 20 June 2019,
Article 1: Pursuant to the provisions of Article 2, Decree No. 2018-135 of 27 September 2018 on the establishment, organisation and operation of the EITI National Committee (EITI multi-stakeholder group or EITI-NC),
The Annual Progress Report provides an overview of the activities of EITI Mauritania in 2019.
Mauritania's 2016 EITI Report covers extractive activities in the country for that fiscal year. The document is in French.
The Annual Progress Report provides an overview of the activities of EITI Mauritania in 2018.
On 27 February 2019, Mauritania was found to have made meaningful progress overall with implementing the EITI Standard, with considerable improvements across several individual requirements. See Board decision 2019-19/BM-42
Timeline of Validation and related materials
8 September 2018: Second Validation commenced.
An outline of the steps leading to beneficial ownership disclosure by 1 January 2020.