The EITI Board agreed that Colombia has made satisfactory progress in implementing the 2016 EITI Standard.
The Board's decision
Following the conclusion of Colombia’s Validation, the EITI Board decided that Colombia has made satisfactory progress overall in implementing the EITI Standard.
The Board congratulated the Government of Colombia and Multi-Stakeholder Group (MSG) on the progress made in improving transparency and accountability in the extractive industries by providing a trusted source of data to inform public debate. The Board welcomed the EITI’s impact in establishing a mechanism for discussing revenue transparency, the sector’s contribution to the economy and the challenges in revenue distribution, social contributions, environmental regulation and illegal mining. The EITI has produced and compiled information in a regularly-updated online platform bringing together previously-scattered data and investigating poorly-understood issues. In its three years of EITI implementation, Colombia has expanded the scope of EITI reporting to include a wide range of areas from mineral transportation to environmental regulation. The EITI has shed light on current government agencies’ regulatory practices, gaps in government systems, and on complex issues such as the distribution and allocation of royalties. This work has informed reforms in government agencies including the mining and hydrocarbon regulators. EITI Colombia is well-placed to continue contributing to improved governance of the extractive sector. Opportunities and challenges include monitoring reforms such as strengthening licensing management, including through beneficial ownership disclosures, improving engagement at the regional and community levels, coordinating efforts in expanding transparency across government agencies, contributing to curbing illegal mining,and improving compliance with environmental regulations. In addressing these challenges and seizing these opportunities, sustained engagement from all constituencies, including in the use of EITI data, and adequate resources for EITI implementation will be key.
In accordance with requirement 8.3.d.i, the Board has determined that Colombia will have three years, i.e. until 29 June 2021, before a re-Validation under the EITI Standard.
The Board’s decision followed a Validation that commenced on 1 January 2018. In accordance with the 2016 EITI Standard, an initial assessment was undertaken by the International Secretariat. The findings were reviewed by an Independent Validator, who submitted a draft Validation report to the MSG for comment. The MSG’s comments on the report were taken into consideration by the independent Validator in finalising the Validation report and the independent Validator responded to the MSG’s comments. The final decision was taken by the EITI Board.
The Government of Colombia committed to implement the EITI in May 2013 at the 6th EITI Global Conference in Sydney. A multi-stakeholder group was formed in December 2013. Colombia submitted an EITI Candidature application in July 2014 and was admitted as an EITI Candidate country in October 2014 at the Board’s 28th meeting in Naypyidaw.
The Validation process commenced on 1 January 2018. In accordance with the Validation procedures, an initial assessment [English | Spanish] was prepared by the International Secretariat. The Independent Validator reviewed the findings and wrote a draft Validation report assessment [ English | Spanish]. Comments from the MSG were received on 11 June 2018 [English: parts 1, 2, 3 | Spanish: parts 1, 2, 3]. The Independent Validator reviewed the comments and responded to the MSG, before finalising the Validation report [English | French | Spanish].
The Validation Committee reviewed the case on 6 June and 28 June 2018. Based on the findings above, the Validation Committee agreed to recommend the assessment card and corrective actions outlined below.
The Committee also agreed to recommend an overall assessment of “satisfactory progress” in implementing the 2016 EITI Standard. Requirement 8.3.b. of the EITI Standard states that:
b) Consequences of compliance
Where Validation verifies that a country has made satisfactory progress on all of the requirements, the EITI Board will designate that country as EITI Compliant.
EITI Compliant countries must maintain adherence to the EITI Principles and Requirements in order to retain Compliant status. Where a country has become EITI Compliant, but concerns are raised about whether its implementation of the EITI has subsequently fallen below the required standard, the EITI Board reserves the right to require the country to undergo a new Validation. Stakeholders may petition the EITI Board if they consider that Compliant status should be reviewed. This request may be mediated through a stakeholder’s constituency representative(s) on the EITI Board. The EITI Board will review the situation and exercise its discretion as to whether to require an earlier Validation or Secretariat Review. Subject to the findings of that assessment, the EITI Board will determine the country’s status.
Where a Compliant country is being re-validated and validation concludes that the country has not met all EITI requirements, the consequences set out in (c) below apply.
The Validation Committee agreed to recommend a period of three years before Colombia’s re-Validation under the EITI Standard, in line with Requirement 8.3.d.i, which states:
d) Timeframes for achieving compliance.
(i) EITI Candidate countries are required to commence the first Validation within two and a half years of becoming an EITI Candidate. EITI Compliant countries are required to be re-validated every three years. In accordance with provision 8.5, a country may request an extension of this timeframe. A country may also request to commence Validation earlier than scheduled by the EITI Board.