EITI Status Satisfactory progress
Joined EITI in 2014
Latest Data From 2017
Latest Validation 2018
Website EITI Colombia
Last updated 2 June 2020


In 2016, according to the EITI Report, Colombia received USD 3.1 billion in revenues from the extractive industry. The report shows that fiscal contibution from the industry has declined from USD 11.1 billion in 2013 and USD 9.3 billion in 2014 to USD 4.6 billion in 2015. The report also shows that the sector attracted foreign direct investment for USD 3.5 billion mostly on oil and gas. This also in contrast with previous years when the extractive sector attracted USD 7.8 billion representing more than half of total foreign investment in the peak year of 2012.

Extractive sector represented 6.4% of GDP. In 2013, this contribution was 7.7%. The sector contributed with 5% of national fiscal income in 2016, a sharp decline from 2013 when the sector represented 19% of national income.

Dividends from the state-owned company Ecopetrol fell from USD 4.3 billion in 2013 to USD 226 million in 2016.

From 2016, EITI-Colombia has included social payments (mandated and voluntary) for the extractive sector.

Read more here:

The 2016 Report brought innovative coverage on environmental information. The enviromental licensing regime is explained here. The country also disclosed detailed information on environmental payments:

        It also included an explanation of the mandatory 1% compensation paid to the regulatory agency ANLA.

Tax code

Colombia extractive sector is subjected to the country's tax regime applicable to all sectors.

The main norms establishing the fiscal regime at the national, regional and municipal levels are available here. EITI-Colombia lists the main taxes levied at the national and subnational levels.

Colombia introduced a tax reform in 2018-9.

Contracts and licenses

Hydrocarbons contracts are published here. EITI-Colombia explains the procedures for awarding hydrocarbon contracts, the contractual regime including the technical and financial criteria. It also links to geo-referenced licensing map and additional information on contract status.

Mining cadastre is avalaible here. EITI-Colombia explains the procedures for awarding mining titles, the contractual regime including the technical and financial criteria. It also includes links to Traders registry, the Mining Management System and the Colombia Mining Information System. Additional statistics about the mining titles status is also available.


The 2018 EITI Report provides information on extractive industry production, including:



  • Coal:    85625 tonnes
  • Nickel: 94889 pounds
  • Gold:    35560 kgs

Additional production statistics for 2014-2018 are also available. 

Natural resources

According to the 2017 BP Statistical Review and 2017 statistics by the USGS (Nickel), Colombia has reserves of:

Oil1.7thousand million barrels
Gas3.9trillion cubic feet
Coal4881million tonnes
Nickel1100000million tonnes

Oil and Gas Production (Sm3 o.e.)

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Mineral Production (in Tonnes)

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Revenue collection

In 2016 Colombia received US$ 3,9 million from the extractive sector. These revenues came mainly from royalties (50.5%) and corporate income tax (20%). 

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Reconciled revenues by top 5 companies


EITI-Colombia includes innovative approaches on several areas:

  • The first report available online was the 2016 EITI Report  EITI Colombia has then published reports online for 2017 and 2018.
  • Colombia also uses an online platform to collect data directly from companies and government agencies.
  • It also includes a tool for searching geo-reference data for regions and municipalities on a number of issues including mining titles, licenses, production and royalties.
  • As ilustrated in the overview, Colombia's reports brought innovative information on social and economic issues.
  • EITI Colombia offers an online training programme which explains in 5 modules the country's extractive industry and how citizens can participate in accountability processes.
  • Civil society is engaged in implementation not only through the multi-stakeholder group, but also through the Mesa de la Sociedad Civil para las Industrias Extractivas, a wider network dedicated to transparency in the sector.


Colombia has published five EITI Report covering fiscal years 2013 to 2018. The latest report was published in December 2018. The reports covers corporate tax, royalties, Ecopetrol’s dividends and other taxes.


The Ministry of Mines and Energy hosts the EITI national secretariat. Deputy-Minister of Mining, Carlos Andrés Cante is the EITI Champion and Gloria Patricia Gamba performs as the National Coordinator. Within the Ministry, the sectorial planning unit (UPME) supports the MSG technical work. Below is the detailed composition of the National Tripartite Commission:

  • Government constituency
  • EITI Champion: Deputy Minister of Mines- Carlos Andrés Cante
  • National Tax Office (DIAN) -  Sandra Virguez - Elizabeth Salamanca
  • Planning National Department (DNP) - Amparo Garcia - Uver Chaux - Leonardo Rojas
  • Industry constituency
  • Ecopetrol - Mónica Tangarife - Monica Jiménez
  • Colombian Petroleum Association (ACP) - Alexandra Hernández - Andrea López
  • Colombian Mining Association (ACM) - Santiago Angel
  • Civil Society constituency
  • Crudo Transparente - Alvaro Jiménez - Yessica Prieto Ramos
  • Conciudadanía - Fernando Valencia
  • Alianza para la Minería Responsable - Elizabeth Echavarría - Marcin Piersiak




The country was admitted as EITI candidate in 2014. Colombia's first Validation against the Standard commenced on 1 January 2018, and on June 2018 the Board decided it accomplished "satisfactory progress". It´s second Validation is scheduled to commence on 29 June 2021. 

Colombia's progress by requirement

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