EITI Status Meaningful progress
Joined EITI in 2014
Latest Data From 2017
Latest Validation 2018
Website EITI Ethiopia
Last updated 18 December 2019


The country is a leading producer of gold and limestone, but also produces smaller quantities of tantalum, salt and pumice. Ethiopia EITI aims at helping the government reform the mining sector to ensure a good return on Ethiopia’s significant untapped mineral resources.

Extractive Industries contribution

  • 14 %
    to exports
  • 1.1 %
    to GDP
  • 1.1 %
    to government revenue
  • 4000

Beneficial ownership disclosure

Objectives of beneficial ownership transparency in Ethiopia

  • To foster transparency and accountability in the extractive sector;
  • To deter corruption, prevent collusion between companies and Government;
  • To reduce tax evasion by operating companies; and
  • To promote the economic benefit gained from the nation’s natural resources.

Progress on implementing beneficial ownership disclosure

Due to the significance of the small-scale mining sector in Ethiopia, coverage of the companies with exploration licenses and small scale mining license holders will be one of the main challenges. A 2017 scoping study suggests a high level of enthusiasm among Ethiopian stakeholders on beneficial ownership. The main challenge will be to combine a significant awareness and training programme with work to build new systems and processes to collect and share the beneficial ownership information.

Ethiopia's latest report (2015/16) requested beneficial ownership data for selected companies. 40% (9) companies provided names of natural persons as beneficial owners the others (14) companies provided names of legal ownership. Other details such as level of ownership and nationalities of the owners were provided. 

Ethiopia EITI plans to organize, among other things, a workshop for relevant Government and non-Government entities on BO disclosure. Read Ethiopia's beneficial ownership roadmap below for more information.


Ethiopia is a leading producer of mineral commodities such as gold, which accounts for over 90% of output, but also produces limestone, salt, pumice and tantalum. There is also significant informal production, with around 350,000 artisanal gold miners estimated to support a population of up to five to seven million. Per the 2015/16  EITI Report, more than half (52%) of Ethiopia's mineral production came from the ASM Sector. Ongoing exploration is taking place for oil and gas, although no commercially viable discoveries have yet been found.

Natural resources 

Ethiopia has rich deposits of coal, tantalum, iron, nickel, manganese, potash and phosphates. Gold and tantalum reserves are found in the South, West and North of the country. The oil and gas sector is still at the exploration phase. While largely untapped, resources are under development to help diversify Ethiopia’s economy away from agriculture.

Gold>200metric tonsAround Adola, Myale, Metekel, Tulu kape, Dul, Odagodere, Benshangul, Akobo,Tigray
Coal>360million metric tonsAround Moye, Delbi, Yayu, Chilga, Gojeb, Mush, Sar wiha kunzila, Wuchale, Haik, Dese, Mersa, Arjo, Mendi, Kindo halal, Morka, Jeren, Lalosapo.
Tantalum19435metric tonsAround Adola/Keneticha
Platinum12.5metric tonsAround Yubdo, Oromia.
Iron68.4million metric tonsAround Bikilal, Melka arba and others.
Nickel17million metric tonsAround Adola.
Manganese207563metric tonsAround Afar/ Inkafala.
Limestone>900million metric tonsAround Mekele, Abay, Butajira, Ogaden, Denakil, Diredawa, Harar.
Gypsum57.4million metric tonsAround Tigray, Oromia, Amhara.
Clay21.6million metric tonsAround Mossobo, Diredawa, Melka jebdu, Debrebirhan, Burayu.
Potash1.3billion metric tonsAround Afar.
Phosphate181million metric tonsAround Bikilal, Melka arba.
Marble100million metric tonsAround Daletti, Mora, Baruda, Bullen, Hulakuni, Tigray.
Granite70million metric tons
Silica sand3.4million metric tons
Feldspar500thousand metric tons
Quartz400thousand metric tons
Dolomite2million metric tons
Kaolin>20million metric tons
Datomite>120million metric tons
Bentonite172million metric tons
Soda ash460million metric tons
Salt4.3billion metric tons
Sulfur6million metric tons
Graphite460thousand metric tons
Kyanite>10million metric tons
Talc118,175metric tons

Revenue collection

The latest EITI disclosures show that total revenues received from the extractive sector amounted to ETB 1,701 million (USD 59 million) in 2015/16. Ethiopian Revenue and Customs Authority accounted for 78% of the total revenue stream generated by the sector, followed by Ministry of Mines Petroleum and Natural Gas and Ministry of Finance and Economic Cooperation, accounting respectively for 14% and 2% of total extractive industry revenues. Regional governments received 4% while 2 % went to social contributions. 

Revenue allocation

State governments collect and manage their shares of royalties, excise tax, land rentals, license fees and ‘Pay As You Earn” personal income tax in addition to their budget allocations from the Ministry of Finance.

The Petroleum Training Fund is a separate bank fund which is managed by MMPNG and aims to fund capacity building activities in the oil and gas sector. Training fees from oil and gas companies are paid directly to the Petroleum Training Fund account.

Social and economic contribution

The mining and quarrying sector is still under-developed, contributing only 0.7% to GDP in the year 2015/16 from 1.2 in 2013/14. In accordance with the Strategic Assessment of the Minerals Sector commissioned by MMPNG and the World Bank in 2014, the aim of the Government of Ethiopia is to increase the minerals sector contribution to 10% of GDP by 2020. The oil and gas sector is still at the exploration phase in Ethiopia.

According to the EITI 2015/16 Report, there is limited data on how many people are employed by the extractive sector. Figures submitted from a few (6) major companies suggest that the mining sector provided employment of less than 4,000 in 2015/16. The scope of people dependent on the mining sector is however much larger if one also considers artisanal and small-scale mining. Between 300,000 and 350,000 people are engaged in artisanal and small-scale gold mining, while five to seven million people are believed to depend on mining for their livelihood. There are no figures on how many people are employed by the oil and gas sector in the country, but from the few companies that reported there were 196 employees representing 5% of total employment.


The EITI encourages multi-stakeholder groups to explore innovative approaches to make the EITI more relevant and useful.

  • In its efforts towards full Beneficial ownership disclosure by 2020, the 2015/16 EITI Report already disclosed names of natural persons, including politically exposed person, as beneficial owners. 

  • EITI is considering ways of including artisanal and small-scale mining in EITI reporting given its significance to the national economy. The 2014/15 EITI Report provides an overview of artisanal and small-scale mining including the types of licenses and estimated production figures.

  • The 2014/15 EITI Report includes important recommendations for reform, ranging from data quality assurance to the license register.

  • The 2013/14 EITI Report published details of oil, gas and mining license-holders for the first time.


The objectives of Ethiopia EITI includes ensuring revenue transparency, raising awareness about license allocation procedures, and promoting corporate social responsibility in the mining sector. Ethiopia EITI is also working towards covering the small-scale mining sector in its reporting. So far, Ethiopia has published its third and latest (2015/16) EITI Report in March 2018. EITI Legislation has been drafted, reviewed by the Ministry of Justice and is soon due to be passed. According to the EEITI 2019 Workplan, a national priority is to enhance key stakeholders’ engagement and strengthen integration among federal and regional governments in the Extractive sector. So far, the Council of Ministers has approved an amendment to the restrictive Charities and Societies Proclamation (which limited civil society engagement in the EITI MSG) an is expected to be adopted in the first half of 2019.

In 2019, the EEITI's objectives are:

  • To Ensure free, active and Independent engagement of stakeholders in over sighting and managing EEITI governance
  • To Review and improve any legal and institutional barriers that affect transparency, stakeholder engagement, and revenue management
  • To improve data reliability, date quality data accessibility and public dialogue;


The government, through the Minister of Mines, announced its intention to apply for EITI Candidature in a televised public statement in February 2009. A Memorandum of Understanding was signed between the three stakeholder groups on 29 July 2009. The multi-stakeholder group, called the Ethiopian National Steering Committee (NSC), is composed of five representatives from each stakeholder group. A draft EITI law is being reviewed by the Ministry of Justice and is expected to be adopted in 2019. The EITI Champion is H.E. Samuel Urkato (PhD), Minister of Mines and Petroleum. 



Ethiopia was admitted as an EITI candidate in 2014. Ethiopia's first Validation against the Standard commenced on 1 April 2018. On 27 February 2019, Ethiopia was found to have made meaningful progress in implementing the EITI Standard.

Ethiopia's second Validation will commence on 27 August 2020. 


Ethiopia's progress by requirement

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