This is the Eight EITI Report for Tanzania and it covers the period from 1 July 2015 to 30th June 2016.
Tanzania is predominantly a mining country with both small and large-scale operations dominated by nine major mines: seven for gold and one each for diamonds and tanzanite. The government joined the EITI as part of a wider reform efforts to make the sector more competitive and maximise the benefits from mining.
The past few years have seen a big increase in exploration for gas and oil along the coast. Production of natural gas from large proven reserves has started to ease Tanzania’s chronic power shortage. However, future revenues are severely threatened the lower prices for natural gas and gold. Furthermore, there are ongoing public debates on whether the state receives a ‘fair share’ from its extractive deals, and how revenues are being used to the benefit of citizens.
According to Petroleum Act 2015 and the Mining Act 2010, license holders and contractors in the extractive sector are liable to pay taxes including corporate tax (30%), capital gain tax (30%), withholding tax (10%) and other taxes. Profits resulting from transfer or disposal of rights are also subject to taxes, which are collected by the Tanzania Revenue Authority.
The Tanzania Extractive Industries Transparency and Accountability Act 2015 demands that all new concessions, contracts and licenses are made available to the public.
The Ministry of Energy and Minerals grants exploration and development licenses for the oil, gas and mining sectors. The Mineral and Petroleum Acts give the Minister discretionary power over the licensing process. Mining licenses are granted on a first come-first-served basis.
Progress on implementing beneficial ownership disclosure
In 2015 Tanzania enacted an EITI law that requires all extractive companies in the country to disclose their beneficial owners. In preparing for beneficial ownership transparency, TEITI has also produced an inception report, reviewing the legal and institutional framework for beneficial ownership transparency. Tanzania also published an evaluation report from their participation in the beneficial ownership pilot.
Tanzania EITI plans to organize a series of activities to review current legal and institutional framework for beneficial ownership and build the capacity of relevant stakeholders for the implementation of beneficial ownership. Read Tanzania's beneficial ownership roadmap below for more information.
We are committed to the EITI process because it is aligned with our policy of promoting transparency and accountability in the management and use of our natural resources. It is critical for promoting sustainable development and poverty eradication in the country.
Tanzania is Africa’s fourth largest gold producer and accounts for 1.3% of total global production. Tanzania is also the only country in the world which produces tanzanite. Gas production is concentrated in the south in the Songo Songo and Mnazi bay fields.
Tanzania is a mineral-rich country with resources such as gold, diamonds, tanzanite and coal. Tanzanian soil also contains iron ore, base metals, uranium and gemstones. Recent oil and gas exploration activities have proved that there are offshore gas reserves in the south of the country. So far, no crude oil discovery has been made.
|Gas||55.08||trillion cubic feet|
The extractive industries contribute approximately 12% of total government revenue in Tanzania. Extractive sector revenues increased by 28% from USD 602 million in 2013 to USD 754 million in 2014. This was mainly caused by increased gold production and corporate tax payments. Most of Tanzania’s revenue from extractives are taxes, and one corporate tax payment made by Ophir represented 30% of total sector revenue in 2014.
The EITI encourages multi-stakeholder groups to explore innovative approaches to make the EITI more relevant and useful.
Tanzania has piloted beneficial ownership disclosure, and the latest EITI Report (2014) includes the first layer of company shareholders.
- Tanzania EITI Reports disclose local tax payments and social contributions.
Tanzania EITI (TEITI) aims to maximise the monetary, social, and environmental value of mining and more recently gas, by deepening extractives transparency and improving revenue collection. TEITI is encouraging the government and companies operating in the extractive sector to establish an open contract and license registry. The MSG is also considering to include the forestry sector in the scope of EITI Reports, as the sector contributes significantly to the national economy.
On 17 November 2009, the Deputy Minister of Energy and Minerals officially inaugurated Tanzania’s EITI Multi-Stakeholder Working Group. The Working Group consists of five members each from government, companies, and civil society. The Chair of the Working Group is Judge Mark Bomani. A dedicated EITI law was passed in August 2015 which institutionalises the role of the Multi-Stakeholder Working Group and legally enforces timely and accurate reporting by companies and government agencies covered by EITI Reports.
This EITI Report covers Tanzania's extractive sector for the financial year 2014-2015. It was published in July 2017.
Executive Summary1.0 Background2.0: Approach And Methodology.3.0: Extractive Sector In Tanzania3.1 Mining Sector3.2 Oil And Gas Sector4.0: Beneficial Ownership.5.0: State Participation In The Extractive Sector5.1: State Mining Corporation.2 Tanzania Petroleum Development Corporation6.0 Revenue Collection7.0 Reconciliation7.1 Materiality7.2 Revenue Streams8.0 Revenue Management &
Tanzania's Validation commenced on 1 January 2017. On 25 October 2017, the EITI Board found that Tanzania has made meaningful progress in implementing the 2016 EITI Standard.
The following documentation laid the basis for the Board's decision, attached below:
Initial data collection by the International Secretariat (English)Draft Validation Report by the independent Validator ASI (English)Tanzania's EITI multi-stakeholder group's comments on the draft Validation Report and initial data collection (
This EITI Report covers Tanzania's extractive sector in 2013 and 2014. It was published in November 2015.
This is the Tanzania EITI 2015 Annual Progress Report (in accordance with Requirements 7.4 and 8.4).
This is the Tanzania EITI 2013-2015 work plan (in accordance with Requirement 1.5).
EITI responsibilities: Africa and Middle East. Oversight for finance, human resources, communications, and the Global conferences.
Eddie Rich has been Deputy Head of the EITI since the International Secretariat was established in 2007.
Ines Schjolberg Marques
Ines Schjolberg Marques is part of the Anglophone and Lusophone Africa team focussing on Eastern and Southern Africa, and supports wider policy work at the EITI International Secretariat.