The implementation of the EITI Standard takes place in EITI countries. The role of the international management (the Secretariat and the Board) is to support and encourage its meaningful implementation. The EITI Board seeks to improve the governance of the extractives sector globally.
The Standard serves as a tool for countries to improve the management of their oil, gas and mining sectors.
Implementation happens in three steps:
- A national multi-stakeholder group (government, companies and civil society) decides how the EITI process in their country should work.
- Key information about the governance of the sector is reported annually alongside recommendations for improving sector governance.
- This information is widely disseminated to inform public debate and recommendations are often followed up.
The countries also publish key information in excel files. This allows the information to be shared, compared and analysed.
The international Board upholds the EITI Standard. It monitors and assesses the progress of countries in meeting the requirements of the Standard. All implementing countries are held to the same global standard.
Every country that joins the EITI as a member is assessed against the EITI Standard in a process called Validation. EITI Validation reviews the country’s progress against the EITI Requirements, analyses the impact, and makes recommendations for strengthening the process and improving the governance of the sector.
The EITI Board, through the EITI Secretariat, oversees the Validation process. The Board then ascribes the country as having made satisfactory progress (sometimes referred to as ‘compliance’), meaningful progress, inadequate progress or no progress.
Depending on the outcome of its Validation, the country is re-assessed anywhere between three months and three years. This encourages continuous improvement and safeguards the integrity of the EITI.
A country can be suspended
A suspended country is on "pause". It means that it has not made important progress or that it cannot continue the work of EITI process in the country for social or political reasons.
A country can be suspended when:
- the country has not made any important progress
- the situation in the country does not allow the EITI process to move ahead, such as in the case of political conflict.
- the country manifestly breaches the EITI Principles and Requirements.
It does not matter what degree of progress the country had (or if it had already been validated) when it gets suspended.
The government of a suspended country may apply to have the suspension lifted at any time.
A country can be delisted
This means that a country's status as EITI implementing country is revoked. This happens when:
- it has been suspended and has not addressed the corrective matters as identified by the Board.
- it hasn't made enough progress in implementing the Standard within the required timeframe.
- if it manifestly fails to adhere to a significant aspect to the EITI Principles and Requirements.
A delisted country may reapply for readmission as an EITI country at any time.
Even if a country is found making satisfactory or meaningful progress, it does not indicate whether there is corruption in the country or not. It simply means that the country has put into practice significant aspects of all EITI Requirements and thus has sufficient mechanisms of public disclosure of natural resources.
Countries use the EITI as a tool to identify and address weaknesses in the management of their natural resources. It is not a silver bullet to solve all corruption issues in the country, but it might help.