Guidance note 21 on the coverage of Artisanal and Small Scale Mining (ASM) under the EITI
Guidance note 21
Requirements 3.1 and 6.3
In many resource rich developing countries, artisanal and small scale mining (ASM) provides a livelihood for millions of people and is a major source of economic development for many rural and regional communities.
ASM does not typically generate material revenues at national level and is thus often excluded from EITI reporting. However, the EITI does require that an estimate of informal sector activity, including ASM is disclosed and many countries have expressed an interest in further guidance on how the EITI can be a tool for addressing ASM challenges.
This guidance outlines how the EITI process – both reporting and the multi-stakeholder platform – can be used to inform public understanding and debate about ASM and the systems that administer it to ensure that value is created in a socially and environmentally sustainable way. It is intended for use by EITI multi-stakeholder groups (MSGs) and national secretariats.
Box 1 - Examples of the economic importance of ASM in some EITI countries
3. Benefits of incorportating ASM into EITI processes
4. Getting started
A. Scoping phase
B. Options for ASM reporting
5. Integrating EITI reporting with other ASM data sources and systems