Ensuring equal participation in decision making on the extractive sector is critical to addressing inequalities and ensuring that the sector is managed in the interest of all citizens. By recognising and promoting the participation of women in the extractive sector – as employees, business owners, community members and decision makers on resource governance – governments and companies can ensure that resources are managed more equitably.
Publishing gender data helps governments and companies formulate policies that promote greater gender equality.
The social, economic and environmental impacts of the extractive industries are often differently experienced by men and women. Women are more vulnerable to the negative impacts of extractive activities and less likely to have influence over how they are managed. For example, women may be excluded from community consultations and decisions on the allocation of extractive revenues. They may have reduced access to job opportunities.
Tracking female employment in the extractive sector is central to understanding how the benefits of the sector are being shared. Employment data can be used to inform strategies to encourage equal employment. Likewise, assessing the impact of corporate social expenditure on women can help direct this expenditure equitably. Enabling women to have access to information relating to revenues from the sector will help them better understand how extractive operations may affect their communities and how the benefits are being shared.
Benefits for governments
Ensuring there is both male and female representation on decision-making bodies can result in more informed decision making on the future of the sector. The impact of the resource sector on other indicators of development, such as health, employment and education, is then likely to be more significant.
Benefits for citizens
Policies on the equal participation of women in the extractive sector will be improved if they are grounded in data and discussed by a diverse range of stakeholders. Gender transparency can help promote equal employment opportunities and more equal access to the economic benefits that extractive operations create.
Ultimately, gender transparency helps ensure all citizens benefit from extractive sector resources. Targeted dissemination of data to women and women’s group helps promote more inclusive debate on the management, impact and benefits of extractive sector activities.
Benefits for companies
Company operations are more likely to be sustainable where there is trust from the wider community. Communities have higher levels of trust in companies that communicate openly with all stakeholders.
According to research conducted by Mckinsey on a sample of over 1,000 companies, businesses with high gender diversity are more likely to have higher financial returns than industry peers. They will find it easier to recruit the best talent, meet regulatory requirements for a diverse workforce and build their reputation as responsible companies. They will also perform better on social responsibility indicators tracked by investors.
The 2019 EITI Standard included provisions on gender for the first time. These provisions aim to improve the participation of women in extractives sector management and encourage the publication of data by gender.
Requirement 1.4 requires multi-stakeholder groups and each constituency within multi-stakeholder groups to consider gender balance in their representation.
Requirement 6.3 requires implementing countries to report employment figures for the extractive industry disaggregated by gender and, when available, by company and occupational level.
Requirement 7.1 requires implementing countries to consider access challenges and information needs of different genders and subgroups of citizens.
Requirement 7.4 encourages implementing countries to document how gender considerations and inclusiveness have been taken into account in strengthening the EITI’s impact.
EITI guidance: Our Guidance Note on EITI Requirements 1.4, 6.3, 7.1 and 7.4 provide step-by-step guidance on gender responsive EITI implementation.
Empowering communities: In 2020, we undertook research to scope out how we might broaden and deepen local civil society engagement in natural resource governance. The research was located in three pilot countries – Colombia, Ghana and Indonesia. It touched on the needs of groups such as women and girls in accessing EITI data.
NRGI analysis: An analysis by the Natural Resource Governance Institute (NRGI) examines how extractive sector legal and policy documents contribute to gender equity.
Transparency International tool: The third edition of the Mining Awards Corruption Risk Assessment (MACRA) tool includes guidance on incorporating gender-related issues to make the corruption risk assessment gender sensitive.
Empowering communities in EITI implementing countries to participate in the oversight of the extractive sector
With support from the Ford Foundation, the EITI International Secretariat has scoped out opportunities to strengthen communications and dissemination efforts to broaden and deepen local civil society engagement in natural resource governance through the EITI in three pilot countries: Colombia, Ghana and Indonesia.
Three scoping studies were undertaken by independent consultants in Buriticá in Colombia, Obuasi in Ghana, and Samarinda and Palu in Indonesia, areas hosting and affected by mining activities.