The country is a producer of iron, phosphates, limestone, gravel and sand. Political unrest and social conflicts around revenue redistribution to resource-rich communities and mine rehabilitations have been widespread. The national EITI is expanding outreach to mining communities, including canvassing citizens’ demand for information. The EITI can provide an instrument for tracking enforcement of rules and taxes as well as monitoring the ongoing updating of the mining cadastre and mining code.
The three main taxes and fees imposed on companies operating in the mining sector include corporate income tax, a levy on service providers (retenue sur prestation de services – RSPS) and dividends. The Tax Commissioner (“Commissariat des Impôts) is the main body responsible for collecting and managing taxes paid to the central government. Regional and municipal governments (“communes” and “prefectures”) are responsible for levying and collecting local taxes, but also receive a share of land, waste management and professional taxes as subnational transfers.
The current Mining Code does not contain clear provisions dealing with the publication of contracts. However, some mining contracts are published on the website of the Directorate of Mining and Geology.
Togo's current legal framework does not provide for a clear definition or public registry of the actual owners of companies bidding, operating or investing in extractive assets. Togo attempted to disclose beneficial ownership in its 2012 2013 EITI Reports. In both reports, about half of the companies disclosed their legal owners but no company has yet disclosed the beneficial owners. With the 2016 EITI Report, more companies disclosed their beneficial owners, including information on politically exposed persons. The report recommends the creation of a public beneficial ownership register.
Togo is considered a model country in terms of compliance with the EITI Standard. We will continue on the path to full transparency.
Togo has rich deposits of iron, chromite, manganese, bauxite, phosphates and limestone. Abundant mineral resources of phosphates and limestone are found along coastal regions, while other mineral deposits are located inland. Togo has no oil and gas reserves yet but has been conducting seismic surveys.
|Iron||500||million metric tons||Around Basser|
|Chromite||50||thousand metric tons||Around Monts Ahito and of Farende|
|Manganese||15||million metric tons||Around Nayega.|
|Bauxite||1||million metric tons||Around Mont Agou.|
|Phosphates||300||million metric tons||Around Basser|
|Limestones||375||million metric tons||On the coastal sedimentary basins|
Extractives sector governance, through transparency and accountability of state revenues, has become a passion for both governments and for the governed. There is no reason for us to retreat, but rather we can only extend it to other sectors so that the confidence of our populations is complete.
The latest EITI disclosures (2016) show that Togo received USD 37 million from extractive industry taxation. Almost all of these revenues came from mining, mainly cement (limestone) and phosphates. Revenues were mainly collected through corporate income tax (27%), levy on service providers (retenue sur prestation de services – RSPS) (20%) and dividends (11%). A new tax for local communities was recently introduced.
Regional and municipal governments (“communes” and “prefectures”) manage only small local taxes, but also receive shares of land, waste management and professional taxes as subnational transfers. The Customs and Direct Taxes Department levies customs duties and penalties and remits a share of these to WAEMU (UEMOA) and ECOWAS (CEDEAO). All other revenues are managed by the Tax Commissioner (“Commissariat des Impôts”).
The EITI encourages multi-stakeholder groups to explore innovative approaches to make the EITI more relevant and useful.
While no contracts are currently disclosed, in 2014 the government stated its intention to publish all contracts and licenses. Togo is also upgrading its mining cadastre system.
Togo includes commercial groundwater and mineral commodity trading in the scope of EITI reporting.
Togo participated in the beneficial ownership pilot in 2015.
The Togo EITI is updating its work plan, including follow up on recommendations from EITI reporting. Dissemination of the 2016 EITI Report is ongoing and its 2017 Annual Progress Report has been published.
The government published Presidential Decree 2010-028 on 19 April 2010, establishing the mandate and responsibilities of its two-tier EITI implementation structure. The National Supervisory Council (“Conseil national de supervision”) chaired by the Prime Minister provides strategic and political direction to EITI implementation. The Steering Committee (“Comité de pilotage”) chaired by the Minister of Mines and Energy is the effective multi-stakeholder group. The National Coordinator is Didier Agbemadon.
This report covers the activities of Togo's extractive industries for the fiscal year 2018. The Report is available in French.
In May 2018, the EITI Board agreed that Togo had made meaningful progress in implementing the 2016 EITI Standard. See Board decision 2018-24/BC-249
In this second Validation, the EITI International Secretariat has assessed the progress made in addressing the seven corrective actions established by the EITI Board following the first Validation. See more under background below.
Timeline of Validation and related materials
This report covers the activities of Togo's extractive industries for the 2018 fiscal year. The Report is available in French.
Togo's 2017 EITI Report covers extractive activities in the country for that fiscal year. The document is in French.
Togo's 2016 EITI Report covers extractive activities in the country for that fiscal year. The document is in French.