Togo

EITI Status Yet to be assessed against the 2016 Standard
EITI Member Since 2010
Latest Data From 2014
Website EITI Togo

Overview

The country is a producer of iron, phosphates, limestone, gravel and sand. Yet social conflicts around revenue redistribution to resource-rich communities and mine rehabilitations have been widespread. The national EITI is expanding outreach to mining communities, including canvassing citizens’ demand for information. The EITI can provide an instrument for tracking enforcement of rules and taxes, monitoring the ongoing updating of the mining cadastre for instance.   

Licenses

Licenses are awarded on a ‘first come first served’ basis, but the lack of a mining cadastre means there can be overlap between mining prospecting licenses and artisanal mining licenses. With support from the World Bank, Togo is modernising its mining cadastre system.

Beneficial ownership disclosure

Togo attempted to disclose beneficial ownership in its 2012 and 2013 EITI Reports. In both reports, about half of the companies disclosed their legal owners but no company has yet disclosed the beneficial owners. The report recommends the creation of a public beneficial ownership register.

Togo is considered a model country in terms of compliance with the EITI Standard. We will continue on the path to full transparency.
HE Ably Bidamon, Minister of Mines and Energy

Production

Togo is a leading producer of phosphates (ranking 3rd in Africa in the 2000s) but also produces iron, limestone, gravel and sand. Ongoing development of manganese is taking place around Nayega, with first production expected in 2016.

Natural resources

Togo has rich deposits of iron, chromite, manganese, bauxite, phosphates and limestone. Abundant mineral resources of phosphates and limestone are found along coastal regions, while other mineral deposits are located inland. Togo has no oil and gas reserves yet but has been conducting seismic surveys.

CommodityReservesUnitSignificance
Iron500million metric tonsAround Basser
Chromite 50thousand metric tons Around Monts Ahito and of Farende
Manganese15million metric tonsAround Nayega.
Bauxite1million metric tonsAround Mont Agou.
Phosphates300million metric tonsAround Basser
Limestones375million metric tonsOn the coastal sedimentary basins
Extractives sector governance, through transparency and accountability of state revenues, has become a passion for both governments and for the governed. There is no reason for us to retreat, but rather we can only extend it to other sectors so that the confidence of our populations is complete.
HE Kwesi Séléagodji Ahoomey-Zunu, former Prime Minister

Revenue collection

The latest EITI disclosures (2013) show that Togo received USD 37 million from extractive industry taxation. Almost all of these revenues came from mining, mainly cement (limestone) and phosphates. Revenues were mainly collected through corporate income tax (22%), levy on service providers (retenue sur prestation de services – RSPS) (20%) and dividends (11%). A new tax for local communities was recently introduced.

Initializing chart.

Revenue allocation

Regional and municipal governments (“communes” and “prefectures”) manage only small local taxes, but also receive shares of land, waste management and professional taxes as subnational transfers. The Customs and Direct Taxes Department levies customs duties and penalties and remits a share of these to WAEMU (UEMOA) and ECOWAS (CEDEAO). All other revenues are managed by the Tax Commissioner (“Commissariat des Impôts”).

Innovations

The EITI encourages multi-stakeholder groups to explore innovative approaches to make the EITI more relevant and useful.

  • While no contracts are currently disclosed, in 2014 the government stated its intention to publish all contracts and licenses. Togo is also upgrading its mining cadastre system.

  • Togo includes commercial groundwater and mineral commodity trading in the scope of EITI reporting.

  • Togo participated in the beneficial ownership pilot in 2015.

Implementation

EITI is updating its work plan, including follow up on recommendations from EITI reporting. Dissemination of the 2013 EITI Report is ongoing and should reach five administrative regions and 22 mining communities in 2016.

Governance

The government published Presidential Decree 2010-028 on 19 April 2010, establishing the mandate and responsibilities of its two-tier EITI implementation structure. The National Supervisory Council (“Conseil national de supervision”) chaired by the Prime Minister provides strategic and political direction to EITI implementation. The Steering Committee (“Comité de pilotage”) chaired by the Minister of Mines and Energy is the effective multi-stakeholder group.

Timeline

 

Validation

Togo’s Validation against the Standard will commence on 1 April 2017. The country is compliant under the 2011 Rules.