EITI Guidance note 14
Publication Type: 
Guidance note
Published Date: 
August, 2018

Guidance Note: EITI Requirement 1.4 (multi-stakeholder groups)

Download guidance note in English

Download standard terms of reference for an EITI MSG (word file)

Relates to requirement 1.4


The multi-stakeholder approach is central to the operation and philosophy of the EITI, and it is reflected in how the EITI is governed and implemented. A multi-stakeholder group (MSG) comprised of representatives from government, companies and civil society is established to oversee EITI implementation. Although the mandate of the MSG varies across countries, the MSG is the main decision-making body responsible for setting objectives for EITI implementation, ensuring and monitoring disclosure of EITI data, and ensuring that any findings contribute to public debate. The MSG philosophy is essential for a country to be accepted as an EITI Candidate country and for successful EITI implementation thereafter. While the MSG has a mandate to determine the rules and procedures regarding its own work and decision-making, the EITI Standard contains some minimum requirements related to the role, rights and responsibilities of the MSG that can help ensure efficient MSG oversight of the EITI implementation process.

In some cases, multi-stakeholder consultation and oversight may be integrated using existing representative bodies where this has the potential to increase stakeholder engagement and make constituencies’ participation more effective. Where proposals for mainstreamed implementation do not retain conventional MSG oversight, care should be taken to ensure that the alternative processes that are in place for multi-stakeholder consultation and dialogue encompass: (i) possibilities for shaping the scope and nature of extractives transparency; (ii) making recommendations for governance reform, and; (iii) that all stakeholders have an opportunity to shape decisions, be heard and contribute. This could also include capacity building in extractives governance when stakeholders do not have the technical capacity to engage fully in the process. Where these conditions do not exist, requests to mainstream multi-stakeholder oversight will not be approved. 

This note provides guidance on how to establish and manage an effective multi-stakeholder group. A model Terms of Reference for an MSG is available as separate download. 


1. Summary

2. Guidance

Step 1 – Outreach to stakeholders
Step 2 - Nominating MSG members
Step 3 – Agreeing on a Terms of Reference for the MSG, including decision-making procedures
Step 4 – Consider establishing a legal basis for the MSG
Step 5 – Consider establishing a national secretariat to support the MSG