Senegal

EITI Status Satisfactory progress
EITI Member Since 2013
Latest Data From 2016
Latest Validation 2018
Website EITI Senegal

Overview

Senegal is not dependent on extractive industries, with extractive revenues accounting for less 2% of government revenues. However Senegal it is a leading producer of phosphates, with an annual production of 1.5 tonne in 2016. In parallel Senegal produces a modest, but growing, quantity of gold, natural gas, and construction materials. It holds important reserves of gold, iron ore and marble. Social tensions have arisen around community relations, subnational revenue transfers and environmental protection.

In addition to the national EITI multi-stakeholder group, Parliamentarians  established a Parliamentary Network on Transparency in 2014 to use EITI to improve transparency and public understanding of the management of natural resources.

Beneficial ownership disclosure

Senegal's 2014, 2015, and 2016 EITI Reports attempted to collect beneficial ownership information directly from companies. 

The Government of Senegal clarified its policy on beneficial ownership disclosure at the UK Anti-Corruption Conference in London on 12 May 2016, committing itself to disclosing the ultimate beneficial ownership of all companies active in their jurisdiction. While the 2016 EITI Report does not explicitly comment on this government commitment to beneficial ownership disclosure, it does provide an overview of relevant provisions (on affiliated entities) in the 1998 Petroleum Code and confirms the MSG’s definition of beneficial ownership, in line with the UEMOA Anti-Money Laundering Directive (25% threshold). 

The MSG has established a dedicated working group and preparations for a BO study with a view to proposing legal reforms finalized in December 2017. The MSG published its three-year roadmap on beneficial ownership disclosure by January 2020 in December 2016. The roadmap covers the period January 2017 to January 2020. It includes the identification of beneficial ownership champions, the publication of legislation on beneficial ownership as well as the creation of a beneficial ownership register.

 

The EITI has become a growing requirement for civil society and citizens in countries endowed with natural resources. Senegal’s membership of the EITI is in line with this global context aimed at improving the governance of the extractives sector and to promote best practice in the dialogue between the State and its citizens.
HE Mahammed Boun Abdallah Dionne, Prime Minister of Senegal

Production

Senegal is one of the world’s leading producer of phosphate rock, although it also produces significant quantities of gold and industrial limestone. The country is also a small producer of natural gas, although it expects output of oil and gas to grow following significant discoveries offshore in 2015.

Natural resources 

Senegal has rich deposits of gold, iron ore, phosphates, natural gas and petroleum. Abundant oil and gas resources are found mainly offshore. Gold deposits are found mainly in the country’s East, around Kedougou and Tambacounda, while phosphates are located mainly in the North-West and South-East and iron ore are found mainly in the South-East (in the Faleme area around Kedougou).

CommodityReservesUnitSignificance
Oil3.59billion barrels
Gas450billion Sm3
Gold6241metric tons
Silver670 kg
Limestone557,585cubic meters
Basalt801,730cubic meters
Sand810,193cubic meters
Laterite745,939cubic meters
Phosphates24,881cubic meters

Revenue collection

The latest EITI disclosures (2016) show that Senegal received USD 197 million from extractive industry taxation. Over 92% of these revenues came from mining, mainly from gold and phosphates, and 8% from natural gas. 

Initializing chart.

Revenue allocation

The Directorate of Treasury and Public Accounts manages almost all extractive industry revenues in Senegal, although regional and municipal governments oversee small direct subnational revenues from the mining sector.

Reconciled revenues by company (Top 5 companies)

Innovations

​The EITI encourages multi-stakeholder groups to explore innovative approaches to make the EITI more relevant and useful.

  • President Macky Sall established a Strategic Orientation Committee for Oil and Gas (COS-PETROGAZ) to oversee the sector and ensure transparency in the management of the oil and gas sector, including in the allocation and transfer of licenses.

  • The national EITI webpage uses dynamic graphs from the EITI Report, available here.

  • The government published ten oil and gas PSCs and 27 mining contracts, in line with President Macky Sall's commitment during Senegal's application for EITI Candidature.

  • A Parliamentary Network on Transparency was established to use EITI information and provide input to MSG deliberations.
  • The MSG has run training workshops for investigative journalists in resource-rich communities.

  • The EITI Senegal produced a video in 2016 on the EITI in Senegal

Implementation

EITI-Senegal updated its workplan in early 2018.​ In March 2017, EITI Senegal published a 16 minute documentary video on EITI implementation in the country.

Governance

The government announced its intention to apply for EITI Candidature at its 2 February 2012 Council of Ministers. A 20 June 2013 Presidential Decree established the MSG, reaffirmed by a July 2013 Decree by the Ministry of Energy and Mines, known as the Comité National. Minister Mankeur Ndiaye was nominated to serve as chair of the MSG and EITI Champion in September 2017.  The new Mining Code enacted on 8 November 2016 includes a requirement (Article 95) to participate in EITI reporting.

Timeline

Validation

Senegal was found to have made satisfactory progress in implementing the EITI. See the Validation Board decision here. Senegal's Validation against the Standard commenced on 1 July 2017.

Senegal's progress by requirement

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