This Annual Activity Report presents all activities undertaken by EITI Niger during the past year.
The country is a leading producer of uranium, ranking as the world’s fourth largest producer. Its output includes also gold, coal and crude oil. Social conflicts have centered on the environmental impacts of mining, the government take and revenue transfers to local communities. The national EITI has included data on payments by Niger’s refinery, employment by mine and artisanal and small-scale mining to ensure EITI reporting responds to local demands for information.
The three main taxes and fees imposed on extractive industry companies are capital gains tax, profit tax and royalties. The Tax Department and the Public Treasury are the main bodies responsible for collecting and managing taxes paid to the central government, while the Ministry of Energy and Petroleum and Ministry of Mines and Industrial Development are responsible for sector-specific levies. Municipal government are responsible for levying extraction tax. While the Constitution requires contract disclosure, they are only available through the official gazette.
Mining licences are awarded on a ‘first come first served’ basis by the Ministry of Mines and Industrial Development. Oil and gas production sharing contracts are concluded in the same manner.
The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) contributes to ensuring that oil, gas and mining resources are exploited in the interest of citizens and contribute to creating the conditions for rapid and sustainable growth.
Niger has rich deposits of uranium, gold, coal and crude oil. Abundant mineral resources are found in the centre, north-east and south-west of the country. The Imouraren mine in the centre-north, developed by Areva, is Africa’s largest uranium deposit and the world’s second largest.
|Uranium||409,900||Tu||Niger holds 7% of the world's total uranium reserves, the fifth largest deposit.|
|Coal||77||million metric tons|
The latest EITI disclosures (2013) show that Niger received USD 440 million from extractive industry taxation. Capital gains tax on asset transfers accounted for a quarter of these revenues, followed by profit tax (13%) and royalties (12%). The award of new licenses in 2013 led to a sevenfold increase in income from licence fees and bonuses over 2012 levels.
The EITI encourages multi-stakeholder groups to explore innovative approaches to make the EITI more relevant and useful.
Inclusion of Niger’s refinery in EITI reconciliation.
Government unilaterally discloses all income from artisanal and small-scale gold mining.
- Inclusion of employment data disaggregated by mine and status.
EITI Niger will be updating its workplan for 2016-2018. The current objectives include ensuring that the state collects what it is owed, identifying conflicts of interest, preventing conflict and improving the business climate.
The government published created the legal basis for EITI implementation on 4 July 2005 (Decree 000073/PM), renewed by subsequent decrees on 10 August 2007 (Decree 000192/PM) and 5 May 2008 (Decree 000069/PM). A National Committee – the multi-stakeholder group – oversees EITI implementation and is composed of three subcommittees: statistics and audit, capacity building and communications.
Article 150 of the 2010 Constitution of Niger makes it obligatory for contracts related to the exploration and exploitation of natural resources to be published in the official gazette "Journal Officiel de la République du Niger". The same applies to payments made to the State - disaggregated by company.
This EITI Report (in French) covers Niger's extractive sector in 2014. It was published in December 2016.
An outline of the steps leading to beneficial ownership disclosure by 1 January 2020.
The Annual Progress Report provides an overview of all EITI Niger's activities during the past year.
The work plan presents all activities EITI Niger is planning for the period in question.
This EITI Report covers Niger's extractive sector in 2013. It was published in December 2015.
This EITI Report covers Niger's extractive sector in 2012.
This is the Niger EITI 2014 Annual Progress Report (in accordance with Requirements 7.4 and 8.4).
This is the Niger EITI 2014-2016 work plan (in accordance with Requirement 1.5).
Nigers's Validation commenced on 1 November 2016. On 26 October 2017, the EITI Board found that Niger has made inadequate progress in implementing the 2016 EITI Standard.
The following documentation laid the basis for the Board's decision, attached below: