Niger

EITI Status Yet to be assessed against the 2016 Standard
EITI Member Since 2007
Latest Data From 2013
Website EITI Niger

Overview

The country is a leading producer of uranium, ranking as the world’s fourth largest producer.  Its output includes also gold, coal and crude oil. Social conflicts have centered on the environmental impacts of mining, the government take and revenue transfers to local communities. The national EITI has included data on payments by Niger’s refinery, employment by mine and artisanal and small-scale mining to ensure EITI reporting responds to local demands for information.

The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) contributes to ensuring that oil, gas and mining resources are exploited in the interest of citizens and contribute to creating the conditions for rapid and sustainable growth.
Mr Abdoulaziz Askia, Niger EITI National Coordinator, EITI Board Member and Special Advisor to the President of the Republic of Niger

Production

Niger is a leading producer of mineral commodities such as uranium (the world’s fourth largest producer) as well as gold, coal and crude oil. There has been ongoing investment in new uranium production capacity and the government awarded 38 new mining licences in 2013.

Natural resources

Niger has rich deposits of uranium, gold, coal and crude oil. Abundant mineral resources are found in the centre, north-east and south-west of the country. The Imouraren mine in the centre-north, developed by Areva, is Africa’s largest uranium deposit and the world’s second largest.

CommodityReservesUnitSignificance
Uranium409,900 TuNiger holds 7% of the world's total uranium reserves, the fifth largest deposit.
Gold744million oz
Oil 744billion barrels
Gas16billion m3
Coal77million metric tons

Revenue collection

The latest EITI disclosures (2013) show that Niger received USD 440 million from extractive industry taxation. Capital gains tax on asset transfers accounted for a quarter of these revenues, followed by profit tax (13%) and royalties (12%). The award of new licenses in 2013 led to a sevenfold increase in income from licence fees and bonuses over 2012 levels.

Initializing chart.

Revenue allocation

Niger’s public finance management is centralised, with only property tax collected by subnational governments. Municipal governments hosting extractive industries also receive a 15% share of certain mining and petroleum revenues.

Innovations

​The EITI encourages multi-stakeholder groups to explore innovative approaches to make the EITI more relevant and useful.

  • Inclusion of Niger’s refinery in EITI reconciliation.

  • Government unilaterally discloses all income from artisanal and small-scale gold mining.

  • Inclusion of employment data disaggregated by mine and status.

Implementation

EITI Niger will be updating its workplan for 2016-2018. The current objectives include ensuring that the state collects what it is owed, identifying conflicts of interest, preventing conflict and improving the business climate.

Governance

The government published created the legal basis for EITI implementation on 4 July 2005 (Decree 000073/PM), renewed by subsequent decrees on 10 August 2007 (Decree 000192/PM) and 5 May 2008 (Decree 000069/PM). A National Committee – the multi-stakeholder group – oversees EITI implementation and is composed of three subcommittees: statistics and audit, capacity building and communications.

Article 150 of the 2010 Constitution of Niger makes it obligatory for contracts related to the exploration and exploitation of natural resources to be published in the official gazette "Journal Officiel de la République du Niger". The same applies to payments made to the State - disaggregated by company.

Timeline

 

Validation

Niger's Validation against the Standard commenced on 1 July 2016. The country is compliant under the 2011 Rules.